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Home » Plant infomation

Phyllanthus amarus  SCHUM. & THENN.


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Botanical Name


Phyllanthus amarus SCHUM. & THENN.

English Name


Phyllanthus, Six o'clock, Sleeping plant



Phyllanthus nanus, Phyllanthus niruri





General Info


It is an annual, glabrous herb grows up to 15 to 60 cm high. Has an errect stem, naked below and slender and spreading leaf branches above. Leaves are numerous, subsessile, pale green, often distichously imbricating, glaucous below, elliptic to oblong, obtuse, and stipules subulate. Flowers arise in leaf axis, very numerous, males 1-3 and females solitary. Sepels of male orbicular and obovate to oblong in females. Stamens 3, anthers sessile and in a short column. Disc of male minute glands and of females annular and lobed. Capsules depressed globose, smooth and hardly 3 lobed. Seeds are 3-gonous, rounded and with longitudinal regular parallel ribes on the back.

Herb Effects

The plant is bitter, astringent, stomachic, diuretic, febrifuge and antiseptic. antiulcerative; antihepatotoxic, antiviral, antibacterial and kills molluscs (root and leaf); lowers blood sugar (leaf); antidropsical, astringent and diuretic.


Tropical Plant Database
Herbal Monograph
Herb Information


Active Ingredients

Phyllanthin, niranthin, hypophyllanthin, phyltetralin and nirtetralin (leaf); amariin, corilagin, geraniin, rutin, 1.6-digalloyl-glucopyranoside and quercetin-3-O-glucopyranoside (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Phyllanthin 10351-88-9 4-[3-[(3,4-dimethoxy
l)butyl]-1 ,2-dimet
C24H34O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Hypophyllanthin 33676-00-5 Not Available C24H30O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Amariin Not Available Not Available C41H28O28 Click Here To Enlarge
Corilagin 23094-69-1 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniin 60976-49-0 Not Available C41H28O27 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge


Medicinal Use

Jaundice and liver diseases, diabetes, influenza, asthma, infections of the bronchial tubes, indigestion, colic, dropsy, as an astringent, diuretic and disorders of the urogenital system and kidney (plant). The whole plant is used to treat jaundice, chronic dysentery, dyspepsia, cough, asthma, indigestion, diabetes, urinary tract diseases, skin diseases, ulcer, sores and swelling. Whole plant is used in gonorrhoea, menorrhagia and other genital affections. It is also useful in dropsy, jaundice, diarrhoea, dysentery, intermittent fevers, ophthalmopathy, scabies, ulcers and wounds. Young shoots and leaves are given in dysentery and ulcers. Fresh root is an excellent remedy for jaundice. The decoction of the plant is a remedy for intermittent fevers and intermittents with infarcts of the spleen and liver.


It may increase the effect of diabetic, high blood pressure, and diuretic drugs. Don't use during pregnancy.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

The Himalaya Drug Company.



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