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Home » Plant infomation

Cochlospermum tinctorium  Perr. ex A. Rich.


Botanical Name


Cochlospermum tinctorium Perr. ex A. Rich.



Cochlospermum niloticum Oliv.





General Info


Subshrub up to 80 cm tall with woody subterranean rootstock producing annual shoots. Leaves alternate, palmately (3–)5-lobed; stipules linear, caducous; petiole 3–6 cm long; blade in outline 2–12 cm × 2–16 cm, lobes lanceolate to oblong, basally connate for up to 1/4 of their length, margins entire to serrate, glabrescent to pubescent below. Inflorescence a few-flowered panicle or raceme, usually produced at ground level from the rootstock, sometimes appearing on top of leafy shoots. Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, 6–9 cm in diameter; pedicel 1.5–4 cm long; sepals elliptical-oblong, 1–1.5 cm × 0.5–1 cm, velvety outside; petals obovate, 2.5–4 cm × 2–3 cm, shallowly emarginate, golden-yellow; stamens numerous, free; ovary superior, usually woolly, style simple, slender, stigma small. Fruit a fusiform or obovoid capsule 4–6 cm × 2.5 cm, slightly ridged, brown, grey or black, many-seeded. Seeds reniform, c. 5 mm long, densely covered with long white to yellowish hairs.

Herb Effects

Antimalarial, antihepatotoxic and tonic (rootstock)


PROTAbase: Cochlospermum tinctorium


Active Ingredients

Gallic acid, ellagic acid, ellagitannin, acetogenin, arjunolic acid, cochloxanthin and dihydrocochloxanthin (rootstock)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Ellagic acid Not Available Not Available C14H6O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Ellagitannin Not Available Not Available Not Available
Arjunolic acid Not Available 10,11-dihydroxy-9-(h
-1,3,4,5,6 ,6a,7,8,
4a-carboxylic acid


Medicinal Use

The yellow rootstock is one of the most respected medicines for jaundice and liver diseases. It is also applied to cure oedema, urethral discharge, dysmenorrhoea, epilepsy, schistosomiasis, pneumonia, bronchial affections, conjunctivitis, gastric problems, diarrhoea, indigestion, stomach-ache and skin infections. An extract of the rootstock is taken against malaria. A concoction of the fruits with tamarind fruits is drunk to cure snakebites. The pulped leaves are used in a wet dressing to maturate abscesses and furuncles. A decoction of the twigs or rootstock is drunk or used in a bath to treat urino-genital disorders, kidney pain or pain between the ribs. The body is washed with a water extract of the rootstock to cure skin diseases and as prophylaxis. Seed oil is used to treat leprosy.



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