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Home » Raw Herbs » Fruits

Cassia fistula  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Cassia fistula L.

English Name

:

Indian Laburnum and Purging Cassia

Synonym(s)

:

Cassia rhombifolia Roxb., Cathartocarpus fistula (L.) Pers.

Family

:

Caesalpiniaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a deciduous, medium-sized tree with a gray, smooth, exfoliating bark. 4 to 8 pairs of leaflets are seen, distinctly stalked, oblong or ovate, with a silvery pubescence; the flowers are bright yellow, in axillary, pendulous, lax racemes; the pods are cylindrical, smooth, hard, dark brown or black; the seeds light brown, hard, shiny, biconcave and are embedded in sweetish pulp.

Herb Effects

Anticancer, antiviral and lowers blood sugar (stem bark and pod), laxative and antiinflammatory (pod pulp), reduces total lipids, reduces total cholesterol everywhere but the brain, improves the level of triglycerides.

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Sinnosides A and B, barbaloin, aloin, rhein and its glucoside, butyric and formic acids (and their ethyl esters) and oxalic acid (pod pulp), fistulin (flower), fistulic acid (pod), galactomannan (seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Aloin 20226-90-8 1,8-dihydroxy-3-(hyd
roxymethyl)-10-[3,4,
5-trihydroxy-6-(hydr
oxymethyl) oxan-2-y
l]-10H-anthracen-9-o
ne
C21H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Rhein Not Available 4,5-dihydroxy-9,10-d
ioxo-anthracene-2-ca
rboxylic acid
C15H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Butyric acid 107-92-6 Butanoic acid C4H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In tuberculosis, reducing fever and as a tonic (seed and fruit), in rheumatism, gout, blood poisoning, dysentery, anthrax, diabetes, leprosy, liver problems (including biliousness) and for varicose veins (including shrinking them) (pod pulp).

Contraindication

There are no known serious human toxic reaction cases from the traditional therapeutic use of the plant. However, it is recommended not to exceed its use due to its laxative effect.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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