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Home » Raw Herbs » Bark

Bauhinia variegata  

   

Botanical Name

:

Bauhinia variegata

English Name

:

Mountain Ebony, Orchid Tree, Buddhist Bauhinia, Orchid-tree, poor-man’s orchid, mountain-ebony

Synonym(s)

:

Phanera variegata (L.) Benth, Bauhinia chinensis (DC.)Vogel , Bauhinia decora Uribe, Bauhinia variegata L. Var. chinensis DC.

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

Large or medium sized tree growing to 10-12 m tall, deciduous in the dry season.The leaves are 10-20 cm long and broad, rounded, and bilobed at the base and apex. The flowers are conspicuous, bright pink or white, 8-12 cm diameter, with five petals. The fruit is a pod 15-30 cm long, containing several seeds.

Herb Effects

Depressant, astringent, anthelmintic and hypothermic (stem bark); agglutinant of blood (seed).

Links

PIER
Dave's Garden
Plants for a Future
Bauhinia variegata
Herbal Monograph
Bauhinia variegata

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Hentriocontane, stigmasterol and octacosanol (stem bark); fatty oil (seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Octacosanol 67905-27-5 Octacosan-1-ol C28H58O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In skin diseases, scrofula, ulcers, leprosy and menstrual problems (bark); dysentery (bark decoction and dried bud); hemorrhoids (bark and dried buds); diarrhea (dried bud); in haemorrhagic disorders (paste of bark, roots and flowers); an antidote to snake poison (root); cough, piles, haematuria and menorrhagia; the flowers are laxative (decoction of bud).

Contraindication

Use with care during pregnancy
Hyper and hypothyroidism

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Panda and Kar, 1999 J. Ethnopharmacol,67(2):233.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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