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Home » Plant infomation

Abutilon indicum  

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Abutilon indicum

English Name

:

Indian Mallow, Country mallow, Indian abutilon, Monkey bush

Synonym(s)

:

Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik., Sida indica L.

Family

:

Malvaceae

 

General Info

Description

Indian mallow is an erect, woody plant. It is velvety, shrubby and greyish green in color. It grows up to one and a half meters in length.Stem is round, often tinged with purple color. The leaves are petiolate, ovate to orbicular-cordate, acuminate and toothed. Flowers are borne solitary in long, jointed and axillary pedicels. Calyx lobes divided in the middle, ovate and apiculate. Corolla is yellow or orange-yellow and opens in the evening. Carpels are 15-20 in number.The Fruits are hispid, scarcely longer than the calyx and the awns are erect. Seeds are three to five, kidney-shaped, dark brown or black, tubercled or with minutely stellate hairs.

Herb Effects

Demulcent, aphrodisiac, laxative, diuretic, pulmonary and sedative (leaves); Astringent and diuretic (bark); Laxative, expectorant and demulcent (seeds); laxative and tonic, promoting the libido and relieving feverishness and producing a felling of coolness, antiinflammatory and anthelmintic (plant); analgesic (fixed oil).

Links

PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alantolactone, isoalantolactone and gallic acid (roots), beta-sitosterol and vanillic, P-coumaric, P-hydroxybenzoic, caffeic and fumaric acids (plant); linoleic, oleic, palmitic, stearic and capric acids (fixed oil of root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Alantolactone 80367-94-8 Not available C15H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Isoalantolactone Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
15,16,17-dodecahydro
-1H-cyclopenta[a]phe
nanthren-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillic acid Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzoic acid
C8H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Hydroxybenzoic acid 99-96-7 4-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Fumaric acid 110-17-8 but-2-enedioic acid C4H4O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 Octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Capric acid 334-48-5 Decanoic acid C10H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In fevers, chest affections, gonorrhoea and urethritis (infusion of leaves and roots); used as an eyewash and as a mouthwash in toothache, tender gums, in gonorrhoea and for the inflammation of the bladder (leaf decoction); ; to boils and ulcers (flowers); used in piles and coughs (seed decoction); used in relieving strangury, haematuria and leprosy (root infusion).

Contraindication

Do no use if pregnant

Reference

Indian Drugs 1989 Vol. 26, pp. 333.


Phytochemistry 1989 Vol. 28, pp. 3225.

Priya Vrat Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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