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Home » Plant infomation

Albizia odoratissima  (L.F.)BENTH

   

Botanical Name

:

Albizia odoratissima (L.F.)BENTH

English Name

:

Black siris, Ceylon rose-wood

Synonym(s)

:

Acacia lomatocarpa DC., Acacia odoratissima Willd., Albizia odoratissima var. millis Benth. ex. Baker, Albizzia micrantha Biovin, Mimosa marginata Lam., Mimosa odoratissima

Family

:

Mimosaceae

 

General Info

Description

A medium sized to large, erect tree up to 30 m tall with drooping dark green foliate; bark dark grey with numerous horizontal cracks; young branchlets minutely yellowish-brown pubescent, later glabrous. Leaves 10 to 30 cm long; rachis with gland beneath uppermost pairs of pinnae, and a larger oval gland at the base; pinnae 2 to 8 pairs, 5 to 20 cm long; leaflets 6 to 24 pairs, dark green, pubescent, obliquely oblong, obtuse at base. Flowers yellowish-white, fragrant, sessile, arranged in numerous small 10 to 12 flowered, globose heads; peduncles 6 mm long, solitary or 2 to 4 together, arranged in terminal panicles up to 30 cm long; calyx 1.3 mm long, pubescent; corolla 4 mm long, grey-sillky outside, teeth ovate-lanceolate, acute. Fruit (pod) shortly stalked, 10 to 20 cm long and 2.5 to 3.8 cm wide, thin, flexible, glabrous, reticulately veined, purplish-green when immature, reddish-brown when mature; seeds 6 to 12, broadly ovate, flattened, yellow, 8 mm long and 6 mm wide.

Herb Effects

Hypoglycemic (seed); coagulates semen and diuretic (seed extract).

Links

AgroForestryTree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Echinocystic acid, rhamnose, arabinose and xylose (seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Echinocystic acid 510-30-5 5,10-dihydroxy-2,2,6
a,6b,9,9,12a-heptame
thyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,
8,8a,10,11 ,12,13,1
4b-tetradecahydropic
ene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Rhamnose 4469-18-5 2,3,4,5-tetrahydroxy
hexanal
C6H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Arabinose 20235-19-2 2,3,4,5-tetrahydroxy
pentanal
C5H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Xylose 25990-60-7 oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol C5H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For ulcers and leprosy (bark); in cough (leaf); erysipelas, wounds, dyspnoea, and as an antidote for snake bite and food poisoning.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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