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Home » Raw Herbs » Leaves

Aloe vera  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Aloe vera L.

English Name

:

Indian Aloe, Barbados Aloe and Aloe

Synonym(s)

:

Aloe vulgaris (Lam.), Aloe barbadensis (Mill.), Aloe Indica, Aloe barbados

Family

:

Liliaceae

 

General Info

Description

A short-stemmed succulent perennial herb. The succulent leaves are crowded on the top of their stems, spreading grayish green and glaucous; spotted when young, 20 to 50 cm long, 3 to 5 cm wide at the base, tapering gradually to the pointed tip. Flowers are borne in cylindrical terminal racemes on central flower stalks, 5 to 100 cm high. Each flower has 6 protruding stamens and three-celled ovary with long style. They are succulent plants belonging to the Lily family, with perennial, strong and fibrous roots and numerous, persistent, fleshy leaves, proceeding from the upper part of the root, narrow, tapering, thick and fleshy, usually beset at the edges with spiney teeth. The flowers are produced in erect, terminal spikes. There is no calyx, the corolla is tubular, divided into six narrow segments at the mouth and of a red, yellow or purplish colour. The capsules contain numerous angular seeds.

Herb Effects

Anti-cancerous, emmenagogue, emollient, laxative, purgative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge, vulnerary, abortifacient. antiseptic. promotes or stimulates the flow of bile, decoagulant, antibacterial, demulcent, stimulates the secretion of gastric juices, ecbolic, insecticidal, anthlemintic (antitubercular), oxytocic and reduces fever.

Links

Aloe
Plants for a Future
The History of Aloe Vera

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Aloe-emodin, aspartic acid, barbaloin, benzyl-acetone, beta-sitosterol, choline, chrysophanic acid, chrysophanol, cinnamic acid, coumarin, emodin, formic acid, glycerol, lupeol, p-coumaric acid, rhein (plant); arginine, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, folacin, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, histidine, lysine, niacin, phenyl-alanine, riboflavin, serine, thiamin, tyrosine, valine (leaf).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Aloe-emodin 481-72-1 1,8-dihydroxy-3-(hyd
roxymethyl)anthracen
e-9,10-dione
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Aspartic acid 6899-03-2 2-aminobutanedioic
acid
C4H7NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Barbaloin 5133-19-7 (10R)-1,8-dihydroxy-
3-(hydroxymethyl)-10
-[(2S,3S,4R,5R,6R)-3
,4,5-trihy droxy-6-
(hydroxymethyl)oxan-
2-yl]-10H-anthracen-
9-one
C21H22O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Chrysophanic acid Not Available 1,8-dihydroxy-3-meth
yl-anthracene-9,10-d
ione
C15H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chrysophanol 481-74-3 1,8-dihydroxy-3-meth
yl-anthracene-9,10-d
ione
C15H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Cinnamic acid 63938-16-9 3-phenylprop-2-enoic
acid
C9H8O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarin 60094-90-8 6-(1,2-dihydroxy-3-m
ethyl-but-3-enyl)-7-
methoxy-chromen-2-on
e
C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Emodin Not Available 1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-m
ethyl-anthracene-9,1
0-dione
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Rhein Not Available 4,5-dihydroxy-9,10-d
ioxo-anthracene-2-ca
rboxylic acid
C15H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Folacin 6484-89-5 2-[4-[(2-amino-4-oxo
-1H-pteridin-6-yl)me
thylamino]benzoyl]am
inopentane dioic
acid
C19H19N7O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamic acid Not Available 2-aminopentanedioic
acid
C5H9NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Glutamine 6899-04-3 2-amino-4-carbamoyl-
butanoic acid
C5H10N2O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Histidine 6027-02-7 2-amino-3-(3H-imidaz
ol-4-yl)propanoic
acid
C6H9N3O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Lysine 923-27-3 2,6-diaminohexanoic
acid
C6H14N2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Phenylalanine 3617-44-5 2-amino-3-phenyl-pro
panoic acid
C9H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Serine 6898-95-9 2-amino-3-hydroxy-pr
opanoic acid
C3H7NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a tonic, in amenorrhea, asthma, boils, bruises, burns (including those from radiation), stomach cancer, common cold, cough, digestive disorders, fever, hemorrhages, hysteria, inflammation, eye problems, jaundice, cirrhosis, hepatitis, stomach ulcers, colitis, wound, scald, dry skin, conjunctivitis, psoriasis, hair fall, rosacea, warts and eczema; prevents opportunistic infections in cases of HIV and AIDS.

Contraindication

Pregnant women and children under five should not take Aloe vera internally.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.Br>


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal 1931 (www.botanical.com)

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com).

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