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Home » Plant infomation

Acacia senegal  (L.) Willd.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.

English Name

:

Gum Arabic tree

Synonym(s)

:

Acacia rupestris Stokes, Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. ssp. senegalensis (Houtt.) Roberty, Acacia trispniosa Stocks ex Boiss., Acacia veruk Guill. et Perr., Acacia volkii Susseng, Mimosa senegal L

Family

:

Mimosaceae

 

General Info

Description

A deciduous shrub or shrub tree, tree, grows to a height of 20 ft. containing thorns; The branchlets have thorns just below the nodes: either three thorns with the central one hooked downwards and laterals curved upwards, or a single thorn with laterals absent. Leaves are small, grey-green, alternate, and bipinnate. Pinnae occur in (2-)3-8(-12) pairs, and leaflets in 7-25 pairs. The rachis sometimes have prickles. The white or cream colored flowers occur on 2-12 cm long spikes. Pods are dehiscent (open by splitting at maturity), yellowish to brown, flat papery, and oblong (2-19 cm long by 1-3.4 cm wide). Seeds are nearly round to flat olive brown, and 8-12 mm in diameter.

Herb Effects

Stimulates the cardiovascular system, antiinflammatory and alleviates spasms (stem bark); emollient, antitussive and demulcent (gum); aphrodisiac, anti-diarrheic, anti-dysenteric, anti-Plaque, anti-gingivitic.

Links

Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.
NFT Highlights
Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.
Liber Herbarum II
AgroForestryTree Database
Food and Nutrition
Danida Forest Seed Centre

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic acid, beta-sitosterol, cysteine, glucuronic acid, kaempferol, octacosanol, quercetin, sucrose, tanin, valine (plant); beta-amyrin, uvaol (bark); gumsarabin and erythrodiol (stem bark); betulin (flower, root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Octacosanol 67905-27-5 Octacosan-1-ol C28H58O Click Here To Enlarge
Erythrodiol 545-48-2 8a-(hydroxymethyl)-4
,4,6a,6b,11,11,14b-h
eptamethyl-1,2,3,4a,
5,6,7,8,9, 10,12,12
a,14,14a-tetradecahy
dropicen-3-ol
C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Cysteine 4371-52-2 2-amino-3-sulfanyl-p
ropanoic acid
C3H7NO2S Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Sucrose Not Available 2-[3,4-dihydroxy-2,5
-bis(hydroxymethyl)o
xolan-2-yl]oxy-6-(hy
droxymethy l)oxane-
3,4,5-triol
C12H22O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Valine 7004-03-7 2-amino-3-methyl-but
anoic acid
C5H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Glucuronic acid 87246-82-0 (2S,3S,4S,5R)-2,3,4,
5-tetrahydroxy-6-oxo
-hexanoic acid
C6H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Uvaol Not Available (3S,6aR,8aS,12S,14bS
)-8a-(hydroxymethyl)
-4,4,6a,6b,11,12,14b
-heptameth yl-2,3,4
a,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
,12a,14,14a-tetradec
ahydro-1H-picen-3-ol
C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Inhibiting bleeding, inflammation of the intestinal area, as an emollient, in cough, burns, sore throat and as a vehicle for other medicines (for example. suspending insoluble powders) (gum); bark, leaves and gum are used to treat gastritic disorders,, haemorrhage, ophtalmia, colds, diarrhoea, gonorrhea, leprosy, typhoid, urinary tract infections and as emollient, antitussive and astringent ; the gum is considered an aphrodisiac. The flowers are relished by honeybees.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


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