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Home » Raw Herbs » Bark

Acacia catechu  (L.F.) WILLD

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Acacia catechu (L.F.) WILLD

English Name

:

Catechu, Dark Catechu

Synonym(s)

:

Acacia suma, Acacia wallichiana, Acacia polyacantha

Family

:

Mimosaceae

 

General Info

Description

A tree reaching as high as 30 to 40 ft.; branches spreading, armed with strong black spines, downy toward the points. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, of from ten to eighteen pinnae; leaflets of pinnae thirty to fifty pairs, linear, auricled at the base, ciliated; petiole angular, grooved above, downy, with orbicular green glands between the bases of. the pinnae. Flowers in cylindrical, axillary spikes, on downy stalks, from four to five inches long, numerous, monopetalous, white or whitish yellow, and about twice as long as the tubular, hairy calyx. Stamens twice the length of the corolla, very numerous, distinct. Ovary glabrous, oval, on a very short stipe, terminating in a single style of the length of the stamens. Legume flat, linear, thin, straight, smooth, brown, pointed, about six inches long by three-fourths of an inch broad. Seeds six or eight, roundish.

Herb Effects

Alleviates spasms and antiviral (stem); antiinflammatory and hypoglycemic (wood); astringent (bark and heartwood); hypothermic. anthelmintic and antiseptic.

Links

AgroForestryTree Database

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Acetaldehyde, fisetin, formaldehyde, gallic acid, isorhamnetin, kaempferol, procyanidin, quercetagetin, quercetin, quercitrin, rutin, tannin, taxifolin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Quercitin 74893-81-5 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetrin 522-12-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-tet
rahydropyran-2-yl)ox
y-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Fisetin Not available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetaldehyde 108-62-3 2,4,6,8-tetramethyl-
1,3,5,7-tetraoxocane
C8H16O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Formaldehyde 8013-13-6 formaldehyde CH2O Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Isorhamnetin 480-19-3 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
phenyl)-chromen-7-on
e
C16H12O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Procyanidin 4852-22-6 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-2-[2-(3,4-dihydr
oxyphenyl)-5,7-dihyd
roxy-chrom an-3-yl]
oxy-chroman-3,4,5,7-
tetrol
C30H26O13 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetagetin 90-18-6 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5,6-tetrahyd
roxy-chromen-7-one
C15H10O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Taxifolin 98006-93-0 (2R)-2-(3,4-dihydrox
yphenyl)-3,5,7-trihy
droxy-chroman-4-one
C15H12O7 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Leprosy (root decoction. leaf. bark and fruit); in skin diseases and ulcers, chronic diarrhea, bleeding of the uterus and nose, mucosal discharges (such as leucorrhea) and hoarseness, gonorrhea (flowers), rheumatism and tooth ache (root), asthma, bronchitis, chest pain, sore in mouth (plant).

Contraindication

Do not take for more than two to three weeks at a time without a break.
Do not take if suffering from kidney inflammations.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference.

Nadkarni AK. Indian Materia Medica Vol.1.

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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