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Home » Plant infomation

Zanthoxylum limonella  (Dennst.) Alston

   

Botanical Name

:

Zanthoxylum limonella (Dennst.) Alston

English Name

:

Prickly Ash

Synonym(s)

:

Zanthoxylum budrunga Wall. ex DC. , Zanthoxylum rhetsa DC.

Family

:

Rutaceae

 

General Info

Description

A lofty, deciduous tree, up tp 35 m tall, with a spreading crown and a bole of 4-6 m. Main stem generally armed with broad conical spines, 2-3 cm long ; branchlets usually sparsely armed with straight or ascending prickles, often swollwn and hollow, apparently housing ants ; bark cream-coloured or yellowish grey, studded with concial spines, thick, deeply and finely reticulate-fissured ; leaves paripinnate or imparipinnate, 30-40 cm long, glabrous, clustered at the end of branches : leaflets 5-8 pairs, opposite or subopposite, ovate to elliptic, chartaceous, occasionally with scattered, pellucid dots, oblique, entire to glandular-crenate ; flowers white to yellowish white, in terminal paniculate cymes which may sometimes be located in the upper leaf-axils; follicles globose, aromatic, red, rugose, 6-7 mm in diam.; seeds blue-black, subglobose, shining.

Herb Effects

Antiinflammatory, anesthetic and "antagonistic" (fruit’s essential oil); bitter and aromatic (bark); astringent, stimulant and digestive (pericarp)

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Stearic, palmitic, linoleic, oleic and linolenic acids (seed oil); 1S. 2S and 4S-trihydroxy-P-menthane (fruit’s essential oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Rheumatism, asthma, bronchitis, heart disorders and diarrhea (fruit); in cholera (seed tincture)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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