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Home » Raw Herbs

Peganum harmala  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Peganum harmala Linn.

English Name

:

Foreign Henna. Rue and Syrian Rue

Family

:

Zygophyllaceae

 

General Info

Description

A bushy , 30-90 cm. high. Leaves multifid: segments linear, acute, narrow; flowers white, solitary in the axils of branches; capsules globose, depressed above, deeply lobed; seeds many, angled, flat.

Herb Effects

Abortifacient and aphrodisiac (plant); anthelmintic, narcotic, alterative, lactagogue, antispasmodic, hypnotic, anodyne, emetic, alleviates spasms, narcotic and kills certain insects (seed); antimicrobial, hypertensive, stimulates motor tracts of the central nervous system, acts as an MAO inhibitor, diuretic, stupefacient,diaphoretic.

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Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Harmidine, harmaline and harmalol (seed); quercetin, kaempferol, harmine and acacetin (plant); harmalop, DMT and peganine.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Harmidine 304-21-2 Not Available C13H14N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Harmaline 304-21-2 Not Available C13H14N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Harmalol Not Available Not Available C12H12N2O Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Acacetin 480-44-4 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-m
ethoxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C16H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Acacetin 480-44-4 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-m
ethoxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C16H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Peganine Not Available Not Available C11H12N2O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Asthma, uterine cancer, fever, laryngitis, malaria, menstrual disorders, problems with lice, Parkinson's disease, rheumatism, as a vermifuge, tonic, aphrodisiac, alleviating spasms and as a narcotic and emmenagogue.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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