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Home » Raw Herbs » Others

Withania somnifera  DUNAL.

   

Botanical Name

:

Withania somnifera DUNAL.

English Name

:

Winter Cherry and Indian Ginseng

Synonym(s)

:

Physalis flexuosa L., Physalis somnifera L.

Family

:

Solanaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is an erect, evergreen, tomentose shrub. The roots are stout, fleshy and whitish brown; the leaves are simple ovate, glabrous; the flowers are inconspicuous, greenish or lurid-yellow, in axillary, umbellate cymes; the berries are globose, orange-red when mature, enclosed in the persistent calyx and have yellow, reniform seeds.

Herb Effects

Abortifacient, adaptogen, antibiotic, astringent, deobstruent, narcotic, sedative, tonic, antitumor, stimulates the central nervous system, antihepatotoxic, antiinflammatory and antimicrobial (leaf); stimulates the secretion and/or flow of milk (plant); hypnotic (sedative), aphrodisiac, diuretic, antispasmodic, stimulates the immune system.

Links

General Nutrition (www.general-nutrition.com).
Healthness (www.healthness.com).
KavaKure (www.kavakure.com).
Mother Natures's (www.mothernature.com).
Nature's Spirit Herbs of Sedona (www.nsherbs-sedona.com).
Vitamins Network (www.vitamins.net).
Withania somnifera
Herbal Monograph
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Chlorogenic acid, withaferin A, withanolide D (leaf); anaferine, beta-sitosterol, choline, nicotine, withananine, withanine, somniferine, tropine, somnine, pseudotropine (root); scopoletin (plant); cysteine (fruit).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Withaferin A 5119-48-2 Not Available C28H38O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Withanolide D 30655-48-2 Not Available C28H38O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Tropine 28390-68-3 8-methyl-8-azabicycl
o[3.2.1]octan-3-ol
C8H15NO Click Here To Enlarge
Pseudotropine 135-97-7 8-methyl-8-azabicycl
o[3.2.1]octan-3-ol
C8H15NO Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Nicotine 65-31-6 3-(1-methylpyrrolidi
n-2-yl)pyridine
C10H14N2 Click Here To Enlarge
Cysteine 4371-52-2 2-amino-3-sulfanyl-p
ropanoic acid
C3H7NO2S Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Rheumatism (root and plant); to coagulate milk (seed); as a uterine sedative, in dropsy, ulcers, scabies, asthma, cough and as a tonic (root); cancer and AIDS; “rasayana agent” in “Ayurveda” medicine (enhances sexual performance),to treat nervous exhaustion, debility, insomnia, wasting diseases, failure to thrive in children, impotence, infertility, multiple sclerosis, applied as a poultice to boils, swellings and other painful parts.

Contraindication

Pregnant women should avoid using this herb. since it may induce an abortion; also. avoid using the herb if congested.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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