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Home » Plant infomation

Viscum album  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Viscum album Linn.

English Name

:

Mistletoe

Synonym(s)

:

Viscum costatum Gamble

Family

:

Viscaceae

 

General Info

Description

A yellowish green, dichotomously branched, semiparasitic, evergreen shrubby plant, 30-120 cm high. Leaves 2.5-10 cm long, lanceolate or elliptic, entire; flowers in terminal fascicles, male and female on different plants; pseudo-berry white, ellipsoid, viscid, with 1 seed embedded in the pulp.

Herb Effects

Sedative, antispasmodic, cardiac, cytostatic, diuretic, hypotensive, narcotic, nervine, stimulant, tonic, vasodilator, emetic, anticancer and has a positve effect on arteriosclerosis (aerial part and leaf); hypotensive (leaf, wood and bark); diuretic and laxative (fruit); cardiotonic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, diuretic and purgative (fruit, leaf, wood and bark).

Links

NCAM
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Syringenin, syringin and eleutheroside E (stem and leaf); acetyl-choline, caffeic acid, GABA, histamine, (plant); alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lutein (leaf); ascorbic acid (fruit); betulin (shoot)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Syringenin 118-34-3 2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-
[4-(3-hydroxyprop-1-
enyl)-2,6-dimethoxy-
phenoxy]ox ane-3,4,
5-triol
C17H24O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Syringin Not Available (2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-[4-
[(E)-3-hydroxyprop-1
-enyl]-2,6 -dimetho
xy-phenoxy]oxane-3,4
,5-triol
C17H24O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Eleutheroside e 39432-56-9 (2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-2-[
4-[4-[3,5-dimethoxy-
4-[(2R,3S,4R,5S,6S)-
3,4,5-trih ydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2-yl]oxy-phenyl]-3,
7-dioxabicyclo[3.3.0
]o ct-8-yl]-2,6-dim
ethoxy-phenoxy]-6-(h
ydroxymethyl)oxane-3
,4,5-triol
C34H46O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Gaba 70582-09-1 4-aminobutanoic acid C4H9NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Histamine 51-45-6 2-(3H-imidazol-4-yl)
ethanamine
C5H9N3 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Carotene 432-70-2 (1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,
13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,
16-tetramethyl-1-(2,
6,6-trimet hyl-1-cy
clohexenyl)-18-(2,6,
6-trimethyl-1-cycloh
ex-2-enyl)octadeca-1
,3 ,5,7,9,11,13,15,
17-nonaene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Lutein 34445-91-5 4-[18-(4-hydroxy-2,6
,6-trimethyl-1-cyclo
hexenyl)-3,7,12,16-t
etramethyl -octadec
a-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
,17-nonaenyl]-3,5,5-
trimethyl-cyclohex-2
-e n-1-ol
C40H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In hypertension (without any reported side effects), ear maladies especially in earache-tearing pains in the ears, and otitis, bleeding in the uterus, as a sedative and emetic (aerial part and leaf); for spleen enlargement and tumors, to lower blood pressure, heart rate, ease anxiety and promote sleep, also relieve panic attacks and headaches, and improves the ability to concentrate (plant); as a cardiotonic (fruit, leaf, wood and bark).

Contraindication

Berries are poisonous in high dosages and should only be taken under the scrutiny of a physician.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Stary, The Natural Guide to Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

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