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Home » Raw Herbs » Flowers

Viola odorata  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Viola odorata L.

English Name

:

Sweet or Wild Violet

Synonym(s)

:

Viola suavis, Beib. Viola imberbis, Leighton. Viola alba, Besser.

Family

:

Violaceae

 

General Info

Description

The leaves are heart-shaped, slightly downy, especially beneath, on stalks rising alternately from a creeping rhizome or underground stem, the blades of the young leaves rolled up from each side into the middle on the face of the leaf into two tight coils. The flower-stalks arise from the axils of the leaves and bear single flowers, with a pair of scaly bracts placed a little above the middle of the stalk. The flowers are generally deep purple, giving their name to the colour that is called after them, but lilac, pale rose-coloured or white variations are also frequent, and all these tints may sometimes be discovered in different plants growing on the same bank. They bear five sepals extended at their bases, and five unequal petals, the lower one lengthened into a hollow spur beneath and the lateral petals with a hairy centre line. The anthers are united into a tube round the three-celled capsule, the two lower ones furnished with spurs which are enclosed within the spur of the corolla.

Herb Effects

Hypotensive (root); emetic (root and seed); laxative (flower. root and seed); diaphoretic, expectorant, antipyretic and diuretic.

Links

Alternative Nature Online Herbal
Plants for a Future
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-ionone, eugenol, rutin, violin (flower); friedeline and beta-sitosterol (leaf); odoratine and saponins (root); beta-sitosterol, ferulic acid, kaempferol, quercetin, scopoletin (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
beta-Ionone 14901-07-6 4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1
-cyclohexenyl)but-3-
en-2-one
C13H20O Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Friedeline 559-74-0 4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,
14a-octamethyl-2,4,5
,6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,12
a,13,14,14 b-tetrad
ecahydro-1H-picen-3-
one
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Odoratine 826-36-8 2,2,6,6-tetramethylp
iperidin-4-one
C9H17NO Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Scopoletin 92-61-5 2-hydroxy-6-methoxy-
chromen-7-one
C10H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For abdominal pain (oil); in asthma, bronchitis, sore throat and malaria (plant); as an emetic (root and seed); in kidney stones, as a diaphoretic, expectorant, antipyretic and diuretic; also used as a laxative (flower, root and seed). Violet flowers possess slightly laxative properties. Syrup of Violets is also employed as a laxative, and as a coloring agent and flavouring in other neutral or acid medicines. The flowers have undoubted expectorant qualities. The fresh flowers are also added to salads; have a laxative effect.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

Stary, The Natural Guide to Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

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