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Home » Raw Herbs ยป Roots

Vetiveria zizanioides  (L.) NASH

   

Botanical Name

:

Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) NASH

English Name

:

Khus-khus. Khas-Khas and Vetiver

Synonym(s)

:

Andropogon muricatus Retz. Andropogon squarrosus Hook. f.,non Linn. f. Anatherum zizanioides (Linn.) Hitchcock & Chase

Family

:

Poaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a densely tufted grass. The culms are arising from an aromatic rhizome. The grass is stout, up to and over 2 m. tall, in dense tufts, with stout spongy aromatic roots. The leaves are narrow, erect, keeled, glabrous and its margins are scabrid. The inflorescence is a panicle of numerous slender racemes in whorls on a central axis. The spikelets are grey-green or purplish in colour and in pairs. One is sessile and the other is pedicelled. Those of each pair are more or less alike in shape and size, different in sex and 2-flowered. The lower floret is reduced to a lemma. Upper is bisexual in the sessile. Male is in the pedicelled spikelet, glumes armed with short, tubercle-based spines, lemmas awn-less, palea minute.

Herb Effects

Astringent and stimulates the central nervous system (root); carminative and hypothermic (root oil); diaphoretic (root oil and leaf decoction), diaphoretic (leaves), carminative, stimulant, refrigerant and antibacterial.

Links

Herbal Monograph
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Benzoic acid, limonene, p-cymene, palmitic acid (root); vetiselinenol, vetiverol, khusilal (a terpinoid), khusimol, elemol, alpha and beta-vetivone and cyclocopacamphenol (essential oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Vetiverol 89-88-3 4,8-dimethyl-2-propa
n-2-ylidene-3,3a,4,5
,6,8a-hexahydro-1H-a
zulen-6-ol
C15H24O Click Here To Enlarge
Khusimol 16223-63-5 Not Available C15H24O Click Here To Enlarge
Elemol 8024-27-9 2-(4-ethenyl-4-methy
l-3-prop-1-en-2-yl-c
yclohexyl)propan-2-o
l
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Benzoic acid 8013-63-6 benzoic acid C7H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available Dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Vetiverol 89-88-3 4,8-dimethyl-2-propa
n-2-ylidene-3,3a,4,5
,6,8a-hexahydro-1H-a
zulen-6-ol
C15H24O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In stomach ulcers, increasing the secretion of gastric juices, as an astringent and in quenching thirst (root); in colic, vomiting and as a linimint (for lumbago, rheumatism and sprains) (root oil)to treat fainting, indigestion, thirst, diarrhoea, diseases of heart, cough, hiccough, respiratory diseases, difficult micturition, fever with burning sensation morbid thirst, and skin diseases.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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