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Home » Plant infomation

Vanda tessellata  (ROXB.) DON.

   

Botanical Name

:

Vanda tessellata (ROXB.) DON.

English Name

:

Vanda orchid.

Synonym(s)

:

Aerides tessellatum Wight, Cymbidium alagnata Hamilton ex Wall., Cymbidium tessellatum Sw., Cymbidium tesselloides Roxb., Epidendrum tessellatum Roxb., Epidendrum tesselloides Steud., Vanda roxburghii R. Br., Vanda tesselloides Reichb. f., Vanda unicolor. Steudo

Family

:

Orchidaceae

 

General Info

Description

An epiphytic orchid with a stout stem, 30 to 60 cm high. Leaves thickly coriaceous, linear-oblong, 15 to 20 cm long and 1.3 to 2 cm wide, recurved, unequally lobed at the apex. Flowers borne in 6 to 10 flowered racemes up to 25 cm long; sepals tesselated with brown lines and white margins; petals yellow with brown lines and yellow margins, shorter than sepals; lip 1.6 cm long, bluish dotted with purple, side lobes rising from the mouth of the straight, conical spur. Capsules oblong, winged, 7 to 9 cm long, narrowly clavate-oblong with acute ribs and short pedicel.

Herb Effects

Antiarthritic, laxative, antibacterial, antitubercular, and antipyretic (root).

Links

Herbal Monograph

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Glycosides (root); gamma and beta-sitosterol and two fatty compounds which have long chains (plant), Heptacosane , octacosanol.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Heptacosane 593-49-7 Heptacosane C27H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Octacosanol 67905-27-5 Octacosan-1-ol C28H58O Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Sitosterol 83-46-5 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hexyl)-10,13-di
methyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,1
0,11,12,13 ,14,15,1
6,17-tetradecahydro-
1H-cyclopenta[a]phen
anthren-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a tonic (for brain and liver), laxative, reducing fever, bronchitis, indigestion and as a liniment (in rheumatism and nervous disorders) (root); liniment (for fever) (leaf paste); inflammation within the auditory canal (plant juice); in sciatica.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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