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Home » Plant infomation

Valeriana jatamansi  AUCT. NON.JONES

   

Botanical Name

:

Valeriana jatamansi AUCT. NON.JONES

English Name

:

Indian Valerian

Synonym(s)

:

Valeriana wallichii (DC.)

Family

:

Valerianaceae

 

General Info

Description

A slightly hairy perennial herb with thick and horizontal rootstock. Basal leaves are long stalked, deeply cordate-obovate, usually toothed or sinute and sharp pointed. Stem leaves are few, much smaller and entire or pinnate. Flowers are white or tinged with pink in terminal corymb; often unisexual. The fruits are hairy or nearly hairless.

Herb Effects

Sedative and kills bacteria (rhizome and root), alleviates spasms and expectorant (root), antibacterial (essential oil), antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, hypnotic, nervine, stimulant.

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Acetic acid, arachidonic acid, beta-sitosterol, formic acid, linoleic acid, malic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, propionic acid (root); valepotriates (monoterpenic derivates), and gamma-patchoulene (root essential oil); valtrate, cyclopentapyrans and didrovaltvate (rhizome and root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Gamma-Patchoulene 508-55-4 Not Available C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Valtrate 18296-44-1 Not Available C22H30O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Arachidonic acid 7771-44-0 icosa-5,8,11,14-tetr
aenoic acid
C20H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Propionic acid 109-94-4 ethyl formate C3H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Substitute for Valeriana dubia, also in eye, spleen and blood diseases, in fever (as a stimulant) and as an expectorant (root), anxiety and emotional disorders such as hysteria, painful menstruation and cramps, hypertension, irritable bowel syndrome etc. It encourages sleep, improve sleep quality and reduce blood pressure. Externally, it is used to treat eczema, ulcers and minor injuries.

Contraindication

East Indian valerian is contraindicated during pregnancy; Valeriana jatamansi Jones (syn. V. wallichii DC) is reputed to be an abortifacient and to affect the menstrual cycle.

Reference

Chandel et al.,Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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