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Home » Raw Herbs » Bulb

Urginea indica  (ROXB) KUNTH.

   

Botanical Name

:

Urginea indica (ROXB) KUNTH.

English Name

:

Indian Squill

Synonym(s)

:

Scilla indica Roxb., Drimia indica Jessop

Family

:

Liliaceae

 

General Info

Description

A small, glabrous herb with a pale, ovoid or pear-shaped bulb 5 to 10 cm long. Leaves linear, nearly flat, apex acute, appearing after the flowers. Scape erect, brittle 30 to 45 cm longand 4 to 6 mm in diameter at the base. Flowers greenish-white, brownish or purplish, drooping or spreading in terminal racemes 15 to 30 cm long; bracts minute; pedicels, slender; perianth campanulate, segmeents 1 cm long and 2.5 to 3 mm wide, oblong lanceolate, obtuse. Fruits (capsule) ellipsoidal or oblong, tapering to both ends, the cells 6 to 9 seeded; seeds flattened, black.

Herb Effects

Heart stimulant, anthelmintic, alexiteric, expectorant, cardiac, diuretic deobstruent and emmenagogue (bulb) and cyanogenetic (plant); aids in removing any obstructions to secretion or excretion (in the body) and expectorant.

Links

Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Hentriacontanol, octacosanoic acid and glycosides (scillaren A and scillaren B) (bulb); sitosterol, stigmasterol and campasterol (root, bulb and leaf); scillarenin (tuber)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Campesterol 474-62-4 17-(5,6-dimethylhept
an-2-yl)-10,13-dimet
hyl-2,3,4,7,8,9,11,1
2,14,15,16 ,17-dode
cahydro-1H-cyclopent
a[a]phenanthren-3-ol
C28H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Octacosanoic acid 52258-47-6 octacosanoic acid C28H56O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Scillarenin 465-22-5 5-[(3S,10R,13R,14S,1
7S)-3,14-dihydroxy-1
0,13-dimethyl-1,2,3,
6,7,8,9,11 ,12,15,1
6,17-dodecahydrocycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-17-yl]pyran-2-one
C24H32O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In rheumatism, asthma, preparing “chandni bhasma” (which is used in paralysis), as a deobustruent, prescribed for dropsy, rheumatism, skin diseases, bronchitis, asthma, renal calculi, leprosy, scabies, headaches and diseases of the nose (bulb).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal (1931) (www.botanical.com).

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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