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Home » Plant infomation

Tylophora indica  (BURM.F.) MERRILL.

   

Botanical Name

:

Tylophora indica (BURM.F.) MERRILL.

English Name

:

Indian Ipecacuanha

Synonym(s)

:

Asclepias asthmatica L. f., Cynanchum bracteatum Thunb., Cynacanum indicum Burm. f., Hoya hirsuta Moon, Tylophora asthmatica (L.f.) Wight & Arn.

Family

:

Asclepiadaceae

 

General Info

Description

A branching climber or shrub up to 1.5 m tall. Leaves ovate-oblong to elliptic-oblong, base rounded, apex acute, base rounded 3 to 10 cm long and 1.5 to 7 cm wide, thick, glabrous above and pubescent beneath; petioles 0.5 to 2.0 cm long. Flowers greenish-yellow outside, purplish within, borne in umbel-like cymes. Fruits follicles, fusiform, divaricate, striate, attenuate towards the tip. Seeds broadly ovate, elongated with 2 to 2.5 cm long coma.

Herb Effects

The root has stimulant, alternative, antirheumatic properties; antiinflammatory (plant); diaphoretic, emetic and expectorant, antiallergic (leaf); anticancer (stem and leaf).

Links

Tylophora indica

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Tylophorine, tylophorinine and kaempferol (plant); various alkaloids (leaf);including tylophoridinidine (root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Tylophorine Not Available Not Available C24H27NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Tylophorinine Not Available Not Available C23H25NO4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In rheumatism, asthma, whooping cough, bronchitis and dysentery (root); in hydrophobia (leaf and root). Used for treating whooping cough, for reducing lochia, malarial fever, jaundice. They are used to treat diarrhoea and dysentery.

Contraindication

Should not be used by children, pregnant or nursing women, or individuals with severe kidney or liver disease.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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