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Home » Raw Herbs » Seeds

Trigonella foenum-graecum  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

English Name

:

Fenugreek

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual herb 1 to 2 feet high, with an erect, slightly branched, cylindrical, hollow, smooth or slightly pubescent stem; root tapering. Leaves alternate on rather long stalks, trifoliolate, stipules ¼ inch long, triangular-acuminate, entire, ciliate, leaflets shortly stalked, articulated to the rachis, oblong-obovate, blunt or emarginate at the apex, denticulate in the upper half, glabrous. Flowers sessile, solitary in the axils of the leaves. Calyx long and narrow, divided about half way down into 5 narrowly lanceolate or linear acuminate teeth, hairy outside, pale green. Corolla papilionaceous, about twice as long as the calyx, pale yellow, standard about ¾ inch long, with a narrow claw and an ovate emarginate blade, wings much shorter, blunt, lower petals united in front to form a very blunt rounded keel shorter than the wings. Stamens 10, free from the corolla, hypogynous, the uppermost filament distinct, the other 9 combined except at their curved-up extremities to form a sheath round the pistil, open above; anthers very small, similar. Ovary smooth or downy, with numerous ovules, style rather long, somewhat faicate, stigma capitate.

Herb Effects

Lowers blood pressure, carminative, increases milk production and/or flow, depresses the central nervous system, cardiotonic, aphrodisiac, hypoglycemic, diuretic, hemostatic, antiinflammatory, emmolient, rids the body of impurities and toxins.

Links

Fenu greek
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Fenugreekine, trigonelline, choline, C27-steroidal sapogenins and mucilage (seed); sterols and flavonoids (leaf); saponins (leaf and seed).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Trigonelline 6138-40-5 1-methylpyridine-5-c
arboxylate
C7H7NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As a tonic, emollient (in rheumatism, abscesses, boils and ulcers), inflammations in the intestinal tract, bronchitis, increasing the secretion of gastric juices, hemorrhoids, diabetes, diarrhea and in veterinary medicine (as an ointment, emollient).

Contraindication

Fenugreek contains estrogen and can stimulate the uterus, therefore it should be avoided while pregnant.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


The Himalaya Drug Company.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Stary, Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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