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Home » Plant infomation

Trifolium pratense  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Trifolium pratense Linn.

English Name

:

Purple Clover

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A small, perennial, hairy plant. Leaves 3-foliolate: leaflets ovate or oblong, entire or toothed, blunt-tipped or notched; flowers small, purple, many, in long-stalked, ovoid or round heads, 2.0-3.8 cm in diam; pods very small, 1-seeded.

Herb Effects

Hypothermic, depresses the central nervous system, alleviates spasms and diuretic (plant); detergent, depurative, alterative, tonic and sedative (flowers)

Links

Trifolium pratense L.
Plants for a Future
Herbs and supplements

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Allantoin (sprout seedling); alpha-tocopherol (inflorescence); arginine, 6a-hydroxypterocarpans and iso-flavonoids, chlorogenic acid, choline (plant); ascorbic acid, beta carotene, beta sitosterol, biochanin A, daidzein, genistein, isotrifolin, isorhamnetin, pratol, pratensol, trifolin, caffeic acid, coumarin, diadzein, eugenol, formononetin (flowers); mackianin-3-O-beta-D-galactopyrarioside (root); genistein (leaf); myricetin (seed)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Allantoin 97-59-6 (2,5-dioxoimidazolid
in-4-yl)urea
C4H6N4O3 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Tocopherol 364-50-1 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-
2-(5,9,13-trimethylt
etradecyl)chroman-6-
ol
C30H52O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Genistein 446-72-0 4,5-dihydroxy-3-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Isorhamnetin 480-19-3 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
phenyl)-chromen-7-on
e
C16H12O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarin 60094-90-8 6-(1,2-dihydroxy-3-m
ethyl-but-3-enyl)-7-
methoxy-chromen-2-on
e
C15H16O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Eugenol 97-53-0 2-methoxy-4-prop-2-e
nyl-phenol
C10H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Genistein 446-72-0 4,5-dihydroxy-3-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Myricetin 529-44-2 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(
3,4,5-trihydroxyphen
yl)-chromen-7-one
C15H10O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Biochanin A Not Available 5,7-dihydroxy-3-(4-m
ethoxyphenyl)chromen
-4-one
C16H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Daidzein Not Available 7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydro
xyphenyl)chromen-4-o
ne
C15H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Isotrifolin 21637-25-2 3-[(2S,3R,4S,5R)-5-[
(1R)-1,2-dihydroxyet
hyl]-3,4-dihydroxy-o
xolan-2-yl ]oxy-2-(
3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)
-5,7-dihydroxy-chrom
en-4-one
C21H20O12 Click Here To Enlarge
Pratol Not Available 7-hydroxy-2-(4-metho
xyphenyl)chromen-4-o
ne
C16H12O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Trifolin Not Available 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-3-[(2S
,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-
trihydroxy -6-(hydr
oxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]
oxy-chromen-4-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Formononetin 485-72-3 4-hydroxy-3-(4-metho
xyphenyl)-chromen-7-
one
C16H12O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For asthma, whooping cough and bronchitis (flower); in treating athlete's foot, bronchitis, burns, cancer, constipation, diuretic, expectorant, gall-bladder stones, gout, liver diseases, pertussis, rheumatism, skin sores, ulcers, for sore eyes and as a salve for burns (plant); for cancerous ulcers, corns etc. (flower extract)

Contraindication

Women who are pregnant and breastfeeding should avoid ingesting Red Clover.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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