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Home » Raw Herbs » Leaves

Digitalis purpurea  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Digitalis purpurea Linn.

English Name

:

Digitalis, Foxglove, Witches' Gloves, Dead Men's Bells, Fairy's Glove, Gloves of Our Lady. Bloody Fingers. Virgin's Glove. Fairy Caps. Folk's Glove an

Synonym(s)

:

Digitalis tomentosa and Digitalis folia

Family

:

Scrophulariaceae

 

General Info

Description

Biennial or perennial herb growing as high as roughly 1.2 meters. It bears during the first year, a rosette of radical, rugose, somewhat downy leaves, 6-12 in. long, ovate to ovate-lanceolate with long winged petioles; from the centre of the leaf rosette arises, in the second year, a single, erect, flowering axis with sessile and sub-sessile leaves terminating in a one-sided raceme of flowers, 2-3 in. long, declined, tubular-campanulate, purple, yellow or white; seeds small, light and numerous.

Herb Effects

Cardiotonic, diuretic, stimulant and tonic (leaf); promotes and stimulates the activity of all muscle tissues, improves blood flow to the kidneys and aids in removing any obstructions there thus improving urination, poisonous (can be fatal in high doses) and sedative.

Links

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plants for a Future
Floridata
The American Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy
Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Digitoxin (a highly toxic and cumulative compound) and digitalin (both are insoluble in water); also digitalein which is soluble in water and lanatosides; acetic acid, acetyl-choline, benzoic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, choline, citric acid, digitoxin, ferulic acid, formic acid, gallic acid, gitoxin, gitalin, luteolin, p-coumaric acid (leaf); apigenin (flower)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Digitoxin 82476-56-0 4-[3-[5-[5-(4,5-dihy
droxy-6-methyl-oxan-
2-yl)oxy-4-hydroxy-6
-methyl-ox an-2-yl]
oxy-4-hydroxy-6-meth
yl-oxan-2-yl]oxy-14-
hydroxy-10,13-dimeth
yl -1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
,9,11,12,15,16,17-te
tradecahydrocyclopen
ta[a]phenanthr en-1
7-yl]-5H-furan-2-one
C41H64O13 Click Here To Enlarge
Digitalin 8001-36-3 4-[14,16-dihydroxy-3
-[3-hydroxy-4-methox
y-6-methyl-5-[3,4,5-
trihydroxy -6-(hydr
oxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]
oxy-oxan-2-yl]oxy-10
,13-dimethyl-1,2,3,4
,5 ,6,7,8,9,11,12,1
5,16,17-tetradecahyd
rocyclopenta[a]phena
nthren-17-yl]- 5H-f
uran-2-one
C36H56O14 Click Here To Enlarge
Gitoxin 4562-36-1 4-[3-[5-[5-(4,5-dihy
droxy-6-methyl-oxan-
2-yl)oxy-4-hydroxy-6
-methyl-ox an-2-yl]
oxy-4-hydroxy-6-meth
yl-oxan-2-yl]oxy-14,
16-dihydroxy-10,13-d
im ethyl-1,2,3,4,5,
6,7,8,9,11,12,15,16,
17-tetradecahydrocyc
lopenta[a]phen anth
ren-17-yl]-5H-furan-
2-one
C41H64O14 Click Here To Enlarge
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzoic acid 8013-63-6 benzoic acid C7H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Formic acid 992-98-3 formic acid CH2O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Should be taken under close scrutiny because of its toxic properties; for mainly heart disease but also palpitations, maladies of the kidney, wounds, burns, asthma, edema, fever, mental disorders, neuralgia and abdominal tumors. Used as myocardial stimulant in congested heart failure, auricular flutter and rapid auricular fibrillation.

Contraindication

All parts of the plants are poisonous.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal (1931) (www.botanical.com).

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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