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Home » Plant infomation

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis  Vahl.

   

Botanical Name

:

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Vahl.

English Name

:

Brazilian tea, Bastard Vervain

Synonym(s)

:

Stachytarpheta indica C. B. Clarke , Stachytarpheta urticifolia Sims, Verbena cayennensis, Verbena jamaicensis

Family

:

Verbenaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect, glabrous, annual or perennial herb, up to 180 cm high. Leaves oblong-elliptic, serrate, acute or obtuse, 2-10 cm x1.25-6.0 cm, glabrous; flowers blue, blue-purple or purple, rarely white, in terminal spikes, 7.5-50.0 cm x 0.4 cm; capsules pear-shaped; seeds black, flattened.

Herb Effects

Antiinflammtory, antihistamine, bronchodilator, antacid, antiparasitic, stimulates the central nervous system, abortifacient and hypothermic (plant).

Links

Tropical Plant Database
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Stigmasterol, friedelin, hispidulin, ursolic acid, choline, scutellarein and phenolic acids (leaf); apigenol-7-glucuronide, alpha-spinasterol, gamma-amino butyric acid, chlorogenic acid, citral, dopamine, friedelin, geraniol, hentriacontane, hispidulin, ipolamiide, luteolol-7-glucuronide, n-dotriacontane, n-nonacosane, n-pentriacontane, n-tetratriancontane, n-triacontane, n-tritriacontane, salicylic-acid, scutellarein, stachytarphine, stigmasterol, tarphetalin, ursolic acid, and verbascoside (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Friedelin 559-74-0 4,4a,6a,6b,8a,11,11,
14a-octamethyl-2,4,5
,6,6a,7,8,9,10,12,12
a,13,14,14 b-tetrad
ecahydro-1H-picen-3-
one
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Hispidulin 1447-88-7 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-6-meth
oxy-chromen-7-one
C16H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Scutellarein Not Available 5,6,7-trihydroxy-2-(
4-hydroxyphenyl)chro
men-4-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Spinasterol 481-18-5 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-hept-3-en-2-yl)-10,
13-dimethyl-2,3,4,5,
6,9,11,12, 14,15,16
,17-dodecahydro-1H-c
yclopenta[a]phenanth
ren-3-ol
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Dopamine 62-31-7 4-(2-aminoethyl)benz
ene-1,2-diol
C8H11NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Hentriacontane 630-04-6 Hentriacontane C31H64 Click Here To Enlarge
Hispidulin 1447-88-7 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-6-meth
oxy-chromen-7-one
C16H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Ipolamiide Not Available methyl
(1S,5R,6S,7R)-1,7-di
hydroxy-7-methyl-5-[
(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4
,5- trihydroxy-6-(h
ydroxymethyl)oxan-2-
yl]oxy-4-oxabicyclo[
4.3.0]non-2-ene -2-
carboxylate
C17H26O11 Click Here To Enlarge
n-Dotriacontane 544-85-4 dotriacontane C32H66 Click Here To Enlarge
n-Triacontane 638-68-6 triacontane C30H62 Click Here To Enlarge
n-Tritriacontane 630-05-7 tritriacontane C33H68 Click Here To Enlarge
Salicylic acid 8052-31-1 2-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Scutellarein Not Available 5,6,7-trihydroxy-2-(
4-hydroxyphenyl)chro
men-4-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Verbascoside Not Available [(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-6-
[2-(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)ethoxy]-5-hydrox
y-2-(hydro xymethyl
)-4-[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6S
)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6
-methyl-oxan-2-yl]ox
y- oxan-3-yl]
(E)-3-(3,4-dihydroxy
phenyl)prop-2-enoate
C29H36O15 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

As an antiinflammatory and reducing fever, for treating intestinal worms, venereal diseases, erysipelas, dropsy, asthma, bronchitis, rheumatism and stomach ailments (indigestion, acid reflux, ulcers, constipation, dyspepsia, slow digestion) (plant); for cataract and open sores (plant juice); for colds and cough, in cardiac troubles and are also rubbed on sprains and bruises or used as cataplasm for boils (leaves); applied topically to treat dysentery (Paste of stem and root bark)

Contraindication

Avoid use when pregnant, if allergic to aspirin or have a heart condition.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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