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Home » Plant infomation

Solidago virgaurea  Linn.

   

Botanical Name

:

Solidago virgaurea Linn.

English Name

:

Golden Rod

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

A graceful, perennial herb, 15-60 cm. tall, with stout stem, rarely branched. Leaves lanceolate; flower heads numerous, in long leafy panicles, heads golden-yellow; achenes glabrous or slightly hairy.

Herb Effects

Alleviates spasms, counteracts hyperactivity due to amphetamines, depresses the cardiovascular system, spermicidal, analgesic, diuretic, lithontriptic, vulnerary, sudorific and carminative (plant); diaphoretic (flower); carminative (flower and plant); anticoagulant, astringent and carminative (seed)

Links

University of Maryland Medical Center
Plants for a Future
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Rutin, quercetin, kaempferol, quercitrin, a leiocarposide, kaempferol rhamnoside, astragalin and chlorogenic and caffeic acids (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercitrin 6151-25-3 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
methyl-oxa n-2-yl)o
xy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Leiocarposide Not Available [2-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)
-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxymethyl)oxan-
2-yl]oxyph enyl]met
hyl
6-hydroxy-2-methoxy-
3-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-
3,4,5-trihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2-yl]oxy-benzoate
C27H34O16 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol rhamnoside Not Available 5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-3-[(2R
,3S,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-
trihydroxy -6-methy
l-oxan-2-yl]oxy-chro
men-4-one
C21H20O10 Click Here To Enlarge
Astragalin 480-10-4 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-3-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]oxy-chromen-7-one
C21H20O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In kidney stones and dysentery, asthma, whooping cough, internal lesions, dropsy, and chronic eczema, and in rheumatism, acute and chronic nephritis and oedema of a renal nature with history of dystrophy, in the treatment of urinary infections, chronic catarrh, skin diseases and influenza (plant); in diarrhoea and dysentery (root)

Contraindication

Pregnant and breastfeeding women as well as people with impaired heart or kidney function should not take goldenrod.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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