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Home » Plant infomation

Solanum surattense  

   

Botanical Name

:

Solanum surattense

English Name

:

Yellow berried nightshade

Synonym(s)

:

Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad & Wendl., Solanum virginianum L. Solanum jacquini Willd.

Family

:

Solanaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a very prickly perennial herb somewhat with woody base. Stem branched much and younger ones clothed with dense, stellate and tomentose hairs. Prickles are compressed straight, glabrous and shining, often 1 to 3 cm long. Leaves ovate or elliptic, sinuate or subpinnatifid, obtuse or subacute, stellately hairy on both sides, armed on the midrib and often on the nerves with long yellow sharp prickles. Petiole is long, stellately hairy and prickly. Flowers are in cymes or some times reduced as solitary. Calyx tube is short, globose and lobes linear-lanceolate, acute, densely hairy and prickly. Corolla purple, lobes deltoid, acute, and hairy outside. Anther filament is long, glabrous and anthers open by a pore. Ovary is ovoid and glabrous. Berry yellow, green-blotched and sorrounded by enlarged calyx. Seeds are glabrous.

Herb Effects

Anticancer (fruit and plant); alleviates spasms, stimulates the cardiovascular system and antiarrhythmic (fruit); antiviral and spermicidal (plant); expectorant and carminative (plant).

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Solasonine, solamargine, solasodine and beta-solamargine (fruit); apigenin (flower).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Solasonine 19121-58-5 Not Available C45H73NO16 Click Here To Enlarge
Solamargine 20311-51-7 Not Available C45H73NO15 Click Here To Enlarge
Solasodine 6106-33-8 Not Available C27H43NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Asthma and cough (root and plant); rheumatism (leaf); sore throat (fruit); as a carminative and in dropsy (plant), for relief in burning sensation in the feet accompanied by vesicular watery eruptions.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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