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Home » Raw Herbs » Berry

Solanum nigrum  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Solanum nigrum L.

English Name

:

Black Nightshade

Synonym(s)

:

Solanum americanum sensu Trimen

Family

:

Solanaceae

 

General Info

Description

It grows about a foot and much branched, generally making a bushy-looking mass. It varies much according to the conditions of its growth, both as to the amount of its dull green foliage and the size of its individual leaves, which are egg-shaped and stalked, the outlines bluntly notched or waved. The stem is green and hollow. The flowers are arranged in clusters at the end of stalks springing from the main stems at the intervals between the leaves, not, as in the Bittersweet, opposite the leaves. They are small and white, resembling those of Bittersweet in form, and are succeeded by small round berries, green at first, but black when ripe.

Herb Effects

The whole plant is antiperiodic, antiphlogistic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge, narcotic, purgative and sedative; diuretic (leaf); extracts of the plant are analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and vasodilator.

Links

Herbal Monograph
Plants for a Future
PIER
Herb Information
Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Solanine (fruit); alpha and beta-solamargine, beta-sitosterol, riboflavin, solamargine, solasonine, tannin, tigogenin (plant); furostanol, spirostanol and glycosides (root and stem); diosgenin, solasodine (fruit); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, citric acid, thiamin (leaf); linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid (seed)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Solanine 121-54-0 benzyl-dimethyl-[2-[
2-[4-(1,1,3,3-tetram
ethylbutyl)phenoxy]e
thoxy]ethy l]ammoni
um hydrochloride
C27H43ClNO2+ Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Solamargine 20311-51-7 Not Available C45H73NO15 Click Here To Enlarge
Solasonine 19121-58-5 Not Available C45H73NO16 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Tigogenin 82597-74-8 Not Available C27H44O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Diosgenin 512-04-9 Not Available C27H42O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Solasodine 6106-33-8 Not Available C27H43NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Citric acid Not Available 2-hydroxypropane-1,2
,3-tricarboxylic
acid
C6H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Hemorrhoids, liver problems (including cirrhosis), as an emollient, eye-diseases, rat poisoning, skin diseases, oedema, cough, urticarial patches, for achieving conception and to relieve from difficult labour and as a rejuvinative(plant); used externally ease pain and abate inflammation, and are applied to burns and ulcers (fresh leaves); for ringworm, gout and earache, and mixed with vinegar, is said to be good as a gargle and mouthwash (leaf juice); used externally as a poultice, wash etc in the treatment of cancerous sores, boils, leucoderma and wounds (leaves, stem and root); as an analgesic for toothaches (fruit juice).

Contraindication

Use externally only – internal use too risky

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

The Himalaya Drug Company.

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