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Home » Raw Herbs » Plant

Solanum melongena  L.

   

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Botanical Name

:

Solanum melongena L.

English Name

:

Egg Plant

Synonym(s)

:

Solanum cumingii Dunal, Solanum pressum Dunal, Solanum undatum Poiret sensu Ochse

Family

:

Solanaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect or suffrutescent, herbaceous perennial. Leaves simple, large, entire, lobed. Flowers blue, in clusters of 2 to 5. Fruit berry, large, yellow or dark purple, different shaped caps with persistent calyx. Seed many, yellow or cream, discoid.

Herb Effects

Stimulant and lowers blood cholesterol (seed); analgesic, narcotic (leaf); antihaemorrhoidal and hypotensive (fruit).

Links

Floridata
Plants for a future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Melongosides-A. B. E. F and H (steroidal saponins of seed); alkaloids (leaf); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, choline, (fruit); ferulic acid (root)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Hemorrhoids, as a stimulant and lowering blood cholesterol (seed). It is also used as an antidote to poisonous mushrooms. It is bruised with vinegar and used as a poultice for cracked nipples, abscesses and haemorrhoids. A decoction is applied to discharging sores and internal haemorrhages. A soothing and emollient poultice for the treatment of burns, abscesses, cold sores and similar conditions can be made from the leaves. Aubergine leaves are toxic and should only be used externally. The ashes of the peduncle are used in the treatment of intestinal haemorrhages, piles and toothache. A decoction of the root is astringent.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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