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Home » Plant infomation

Sida rhombifolia  L.

   

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Botanical Name

:

Sida rhombifolia L.

English Name

:

Common Bala and Wet Barela

Synonym(s)

:

Sida orientalis Cav. , Sida rhombifolia (L.) var. obovata Wall. ex Masters, Sida rhombifolia (L.) var. rhomboidea (DC) Masters.

Family

:

Malvaceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual or perennial herb up to 1.5 m tall. Leaves simple, alternate, 3.5 to 10.0 cm long and 1 to 5 cm wide, variable, apex acute, base cuneate, margins serrate, glabrate above and pubescent beneath. Flowers yellow, solitary or clustered in leaf axils; calyx campanulate, triangular, acuminate; petals 5.5 to 6.0 mm long, emarginate. Fruits mericarps, trigonous, sparsely pubescent, long awned up to 1 mm long. Seeds 1 to 2, subreniform, dark brown or black.

Herb Effects

Anthelmintic, antifungal, alleviates spasms, antiinflammatory and antibacterial (plant); depresses the central nervous system and sedative (root).

Links

Herb Information
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Various alkaloids (plant); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin (leaf); ephedrine (root)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Ephedrine 6912-63-6 2-methylamino-1-phen
yl-propan-1-ol
C10H15NO Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

It is used for gonorrhoea and ophthalmic disorders in Ayurveda. Unani employs it for piles, gonorrhoea, anti-soud, and as diuretic and aphrodisiac. Root of these herbs are held in great repute in treatment of rheumatism. Stems abound in mucilage and are employed as demulcents and emollients both for external and internal use. The herb is also useful in calculous troubles and as a febrifuge with pepper. Mucilage is used for scorpion sting.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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