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Home » Plant infomation

Saussurea costus  (Falc.)Lipsch.

   

Botanical Name

:

Saussurea costus (Falc.)Lipsch.

English Name

:

Costus

Synonym(s)

:

Saussurea lappa (Decne.)C.B.Clarke., Aplotaxis lappa Decne., Aucklandia costus Falc.

Family

:

Asteraceae

 

General Info

Description

Perennial sturdy erect herb.

Herb Effects

Depresses central nervous system (rhizome); anodyne, antibacterial, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, carminative, skin, stimulant, stomachic, tonic and vermifuge (root).

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Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Taraxasterol, beta-amyrin, lupeol, palminates, alpha-amyrin stearate and saussurin (leaf); costic and palmitic acids, dihydrostigmasterol and costunolide (root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Taraxasterol 1059-14-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,12,14b-
heptamethyl-11-methy
lidene-1,2,3,4a,5,6,
6a,7,8,9,1 0,12,12a
,13,14,14a-hexadecah
ydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Lupeol Not Available Not Available C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Amyrin stearate Not Available (4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,
14b-octamethyl-2,3,4
a,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
,12a,14,14 a-tetrad
ecahydro-1H-picen-3-
yl) octadecanoate
C48H84O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Costic acid Not Available 2-[(8aS)-2,4a-dimeth
yl-8-methylidene-dec
alin-2-yl]prop-2-eno
ic acid
C16H24O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Costunolide 553-21-9 3,7-dimethyl-11-meth
ylidene-13-oxabicycl
o[8.3.0]trideca-2,6-
dien-12-on e
C15H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In skin diseases, rheumatism and as a fumigant (root oil); cholera, increasing the secretion of gastric juices, asthma, bronchitis, in the treatment of abdominal distension and pain, chest pains due to liver problems and jaundice, gall bladder pain, constipation associated with energy stagnation (root).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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