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Home » Raw Herbs » Rhizome

Curcuma longa  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Curcuma longa L.

English Name

:

Turmeric, Indian saffron, Long rooted curcuma, Yellow ginger.

Synonym(s)

:

Amomum curcuma.Jacq., Curcuma domestica Valet., Curcuma rotunda. L.

Family

:

Zingiberaceae

 

General Info

Description

Tall herb; root stock large, ovoid, with cylindrical tubers that are bright yellow or orange inside. Leaves very large, in tufts up to 1.2 m long including petioles, blade up to 50 cm long and 8 cm wide, oblong lanceolate, tapering to the base; petiole about as long as leaf blade. Flowers pale yellow, borne in spikes 10 to 15 cm long, appearing with the leaves in the middle of the leaf tufts; peduncel 15 cm long, hidden in sheathing petiole; flowering bracts pale green; bracts of coma white and green tinged with pink.

Herb Effects

Weakly antiseptic, stimulant, carminative, antiinflammatory, balsamic, diuretic, stimulates the secretion and/or flow of milk, stimulates the secretion of gastric juices, neutralizes acid accumulation in the gastrointestinal tract and reduces fever.

Links

Turmeric
Herbal Monograph
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Curcumin (a diferuloyl methane) and an essential rhizome oil.

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Curcumin 8024-37-1 Not Available Not Available

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Relieving pain associated with purulent ophthalmia (rhizome decoction), for abscesses, amenorrhea, anemia, asthma, colds, jaundice, conjunctivitis, purifying blood, as a tonic to the stomach, diarrhea, dysentery, gonorrhea, kidney stones and reducing fever.

Contraindication

Do not take turmeric if you are pregnant, or if you are suffering from acute jaundice or hepatitis.

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal 1931 (www.botanical.com).

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).


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