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Home » Plant infomation

Salvia officinalis  Linn.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Salvia officinalis Linn.

English Name

:

Garden Sage or Sage

Family

:

Lamiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A hardy variable sub-shrub. Stems shrubby, white-woolly, 15-30 cm. tall; flowering branches tomentose-pubescent; leaves aromatic, entire, petiolate, oblong, base narrowed or rotund; flowers blue, purple or white, in simple racemes.

Herb Effects

Antiseptic and antiasthmatic (leaf and flower); lowers blood sugar (leaf); antihydrotic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, cholagogue, galactofuge, stimulant, tonic, vasodilator, laxative, alleviates spasms and reduces fever and nausea (plant); kills insects and carminative (essential oil).

Links

Sage
Floridata
Plants for a Future
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

1,8-cineole, alpha-pinene, apigenin, beta-pinene, catechin, cirsilineol, citral, delta-cadinene, diosmetin, farnesol, ferulic acid, fumaric acid, gallic acid, geraniol, glycine, limonene, linalyl acetate, malic acid, myrcene, nepetin, oxalic acid, p-coumaric acid, palmitic acid, pantothenic acid, rosmarinic acid, salicyclic acid, tannin, terpinolene, tyrosine, uvaol, vanillic acid (plant); alpha-amyrin, alpha-phellandrene, alpha-terpinene, alpha-terpineol, alpha-thujone, ascorbic acid, beta-amyrin, beta-carotene, beta-sitosterol, betulin, camphene, camphor, carnosol, carnosolic acid, caryophyllene, gamma-terpinene, hispidulin, maslinic acid, niacin, oleanolic acid, stigmasterol, terpinen-4-ol, terpineol, thiamin, thujone, ursolic acid (leaf); borneol, bornyl-acetate, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, chrysoeriol, luteolin, p-cymene (shoot); linoleic acid (seed); thymol (oil)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Tannic acid 1401-55-4 Not Available Not Available Click Here To Enlarge
Thujone 1125-12-8 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex
an-3-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Carnosic acid Not Available (4aR,10aS)-5,6-dihyd
roxy-1,1-dimethyl-7-
propan-2-yl-2,3,4,9,
10,10a-hex ahydroph
enanthrene-4a-carbox
ylic acid
C20H28O4 Click Here To Enlarge
1,8-Cineole 8024-53-1 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-ox
abicyclo[2.2.2]octan
e
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Catechin 5323-80-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Cirsilineol Not Available 5-hydroxy-2-(4-hydro
xy-3-methoxy-phenyl)
-6,7-dimethoxy-chrom
en-4-one
C18H16O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
delta-Cadinene Not Available 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-2,3,4,4a,7,8-
hexahydronaphthalene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Diosmetin 520-34-3 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(3-h
ydroxy-4-methoxy-phe
nyl)-chromen-7-one
C16H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Farnesol Not Available 3,7,11-trimethyldode
ca-2,6,10-trien-1-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Fumaric acid 110-17-8 but-2-enedioic acid C4H4O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Gallic acid 149-91-7 3,4,5-trihydroxybenz
oic acid
C7H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Glycine 87867-94-5 2-aminoacetic acid C2H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Linalyl acetate 8022-85-3 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6
-dien-3-yl acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Malic acid Not Available 2-hydroxybutanedioic
acid
C4H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Nepetin 520-11-6 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-5,7-dihydroxy-6-
methoxy-chromen-4-on
e
C16H12O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Oxalic acid 553-91-3 Oxalic acid C2H2O4 Click Here To Enlarge
P-coumaric acid 501-98-4 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)p
rop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Pantothenic acid 599-54-2 3-[(2,4-dihydroxy-3,
3-dimethyl-butanoyl)
amino]propanoic acid
C9H17NO5 Click Here To Enlarge
Rosmarinic acid 537-15-5 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-2-[3-(3,4-dihydr
oxyphenyl)prop-2-eno
yloxy]prop anoic
acid
C18H16O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Salicylic acid 8052-31-1 2-hydroxybenzoic
acid
C7H6O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinolene 586-62-9 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
ylidene-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Tyrosine 556-02-5 2-amino-3-(4-hydroxy
phenyl)-propanoic
acid
C9H11NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Uvaol Not Available (3S,6aR,8aS,12S,14bS
)-8a-(hydroxymethyl)
-4,4,6a,6b,11,12,14b
-heptameth yl-2,3,4
a,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
,12a,14,14a-tetradec
ahydro-1H-picen-3-ol
C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Vanillic acid Not Available 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-
benzoic acid
C8H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a
-tetradecahydro-1H-p
icen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Phellandrene 2243-33-6 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpinene 99-86-5 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpineol 10482-56-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Thujone 546-80-5 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex
an-3-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Betulin Not Available Not Available C30H50O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphene 5794-04-7 2,2-dimethyl-3-methy
lidene-norbornane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Camphor 8022-77-3 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-one
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Carnosol Not Available Not Available C20H26O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene 87-44-5 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-
methylidene-bicyclo[
7.2.0]undec-4-ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Terpinene 99-85-4 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,4-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Hispidulin 1447-88-7 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-6-meth
oxy-chromen-7-one
C16H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Maslinic acid 4373-41-5 10,11-dihydroxy-2,2,
6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptam
ethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7
,8,8a,10,1 1,12,13,
14b-tetradecahydropi
cene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 Pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
opicene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Terpinen-4-ol Not Available 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohex-3-en-1-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Terpineol 8006-39-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Borneol 10385-78-1 1,7,7-trimethylnorbo
rnan-2-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Bornyl acetate 20347-65-3 (1,7,7-trimethylnorb
ornan-2-yl) acetate
C12H20O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Chlorogenic acid 327-97-9 3-[3-(3,4-dihydroxyp
henyl)prop-2-enoylox
y]-1,4,5-trihydroxy-
cyclohexan e-1-carb
oxylic acid
C16H18O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Chrysoeriol 491-71-4 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxy-3-methoxy-phe
nyl)-chromen-7-one
C16H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
p-Cymene Not Available Dichlororuthenium;
1-methyl-5,6-dihydro
-4H-pyrimidine;
p-cymene
C15H24Cl2N2Ru Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Thymol 89-83-8 5-methyl-2-propan-2-
yl-phenol
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In upper respiratory tract inflammations, digestive disorders, as a tonic, in reducing fever, nausea, alleviating spasms, and in skin diseases and irregular menstruation; for the treatment of thrush and gingivitis (oil); as a gargle in the treatment of sore-throats (leaves)

Contraindication

Taking large doses of sage preparations during pregnancy or if epileptic, can be dangerous.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Phytochemical Database. USDA - ARS - NGRL. Beltsville Agricultural Research Center. Beltsville. Maryland.

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