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Home » Plant infomation

Ruta graveolens  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Ruta graveolens L.

English Name

:

Garden Rue. Rue and Herb of Grace

Family

:

Rutaceae

 

General Info

Description

A perennial herbaceous or half-shrubby plant, reaching 2 or 2½ feet in height. Stems cylindrical, slender, branched in the upper part, quite smooth, pale galucous green, somewhat shrubby at the base. Leaves alternate, without stipules, compound, the lower ones tripinnate, the upper ones sub-bipinnate or pinnate. Inflorescence a terminal corymbose irregularly trichotomous cyme. Flowers on long stalks, erect, nearly an inch across. Fruit dry, hard, roundish, greyish-brown, rough, each carpel dehiscing from above ventrally and also for some way down the dorsal suture. Seeds ovoid, rounded on the back, flattish in front, angular, testa blackish, rough; embryo slightly curved from base to apex.

Herb Effects

Sedative, antibacterial, abortifacient, antiinflammatory, alleviates spasms, stimulant and diuretic (plant); antirheumatic, antihysteric and analgesic (leaf); antiepileptic, rubefacient and anthelmintic (volatile oil); antidote, antispasmodic, carminative, emetic, emmenagogue, expectorant, haemostatic, homeopathy, ophthalmic, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic.

Links

Rue
Floridata
Plants for a Future
Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Methyl nonyl ketone and methyl heptyl ketone (volatile oil); graveolinine (stem); skimmianine (stem and leaf); coumarins and alkaloids (root); alpha-pinene, gualacol, herniarin, limonene, psoralen, quercetin, rutin, xanthotoxin (plant); ascorbic acid (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Methyl nonyl ketone 112-12-9 undecan-2-one C11H22O Click Here To Enlarge
Methyl heptyl ketone 821-55-6 nonan-2-one C9H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Skimmianine 83-95-4 Not Available C14H13NO4 Click Here To Enlarge
Coumarins 81-81-2 2-hydroxy-3-(3-oxo-1
-phenyl-butyl)-chrom
en-4-one
C19H16O4 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Herniarin 531-59-9 7-methoxychromen-2-o
ne
C10H8O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Psoralen 10523-56-5 Not Available C17H18O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthotoxin 298-81-7 Not Available C12H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For colic, as an analgesic, in hysteria, giddiness, nervous headaches, palpitations and rheumatism (leaf); alleviating gall bladder stones, gallbladder pain and spasms, in amenorrhea and menopause (for hot flashes) (plant); as an emmenagogue, anthelmintic and in epilepsy (volatile oil); coughs, flatulence (flower infusion); alleviating pain.

Contraindication

All parts of this plant are poisonous in large quantities. It should not be used at all by pregnant women since it can induce abortions. The sap contains furanocoumarins, sensitizing the skin to light and causing blistering or dermatitis in sensitive people.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


The Himalaya Drug Company.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

Stary, The Natural Guide to Medicinal Herbs and Plants.

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