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Home » Raw Herbs » Stem

Rubia cordifolia  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Rubia cordifolia L.

English Name

:

Indian Madder

Synonym(s)

:

Rubia manjith Roxb. ex Flem., Rubia munjista Roxb., Rubia tinctorum L. var. cordifolia L.

Family

:

Rubiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A very variable, prickly creeper or climber. The rootstocks are perennial; the roots, long and cylindric with a thin, red bark; the stems, four angled. The leaves are very variable, cordate-ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2 to 8 in a whorl, normally 4, sometimes 1 pair is larger. The flowers are small, white or greenish, or in shades of red and yellow, sweet-scented in terminal panicles of cymes; the fruits, globose, or slightly 2-lobed, dark-purplish or black, fleshy with 2 small seeds.

Herb Effects

Alterative, anodyne, antiphlogistic, antitussive, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, styptic, tonic, vulnerary, hypoglycemic (EtOH extract of aerial part); cleanses the bowel, antiseptic and astringent (root).

Links

Herbal Monograph
Plants for a Future
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Beta-sitosterol, physcion, purpurin, Munjistin, xanthopurpurin or purpuroxanthin, pseudopurpurin, rubifolic and rubicoumaric acids (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Purpurin 81-54-9 1,2,4-trihydroxyanth
racene-9,10-dione
C14H8O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Munjistin 478-06-8 1,3-dihydroxy-9,10-d
ioxo-anthracene-2-ca
rboxylic acid
C15H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Xanthopurpurin 518-83-2 1,3-dihydroxyanthrac
ene-9,10-dione
C14H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Pseudopurpurin 476-41-5 1,3,4-trihydroxy-9,1
0-dioxo-anthracene-2
-carboxylic acid
C15H8O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Rubicoumaric acid Not Available 2-(hydroxymethyl)-10
-[(E)-3-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)prop-2-enoyl]ox
y-1,6a,6b, 9,9,12a-
hexamethyl-2,3,4,5,6
,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
o- 1H-picene-4a-car
boxylic acid
C39H54O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Physcion 521-61-9 1,8-dihydroxy-3-meth
oxy-6-methyl-anthrac
ene-9,10-dione
C16H12O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To treat skin diseases, piles, diabetes, fracture, freckles, in rheumatism, leprosy, menorrhagia, abnormal uterine bleeding, internal and external haemorrhage, bronchitis, rheumatism, stones in the kidney, urinary bladder and gall bladder, dysentery etc. (root); antidote for scorpion stings and bites by cobras, in the treatment of blood disorders and spreading fever of kidneys and intestines (stem); spleen enlargement and liver problems (plant).

Contraindication

May cause severe chills.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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