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Home » Raw Herbs » Others

Achyranthes aspera  

   

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Botanical Name

:

Achyranthes aspera

English Name

:

Rough Chaff, Devil's-Horsewhip and Prickly-Chaff Flower

Synonym(s)

:

Achyranthes aspera L. var. aspera, Achyranthes indica (L.) P. Mill., Centrostachys aspera (L.) Standl., Centrostachys indica (L.) Standl.

Family

:

Amaranthaceae

 

General Info

Description

Stiff, thorny, annual or perennial herb (weed) or low-growing shrub. which can grow as high as 50 cm and has many branches. Leaves are oblong-ovate to elliptic or obovate, 6 to 15 cm long, pointed at both ends, more or less hairy, though often nearly smooth. Flowers are green and about 5 cm in length. Sepals 4 or 5, filaments connate at the base, the stamens and staminodes square toothed or fimbricate, pale purplish. Ovary oblong, 1-ovuled; flowers unisexual. The spikes are rigid, elongated and 10 to 15 cm long. Buds point upwards but when the flowers open, they spread out from the sides.· Seeds oblong, brown and 2 to 3 mm long. Fruits utricles, oblong or ovoid, indehiscent.

Herb Effects

Antibiotic (leaf); hypoglycemic, diuretic and laxative (plant); astringent and prevents tetanus, alterative, antiperiodic and purgative; antifungal activity against Aspergillus carneus (oil).

Links

Achyranthes aspera
HolisticOnLine
Plants for a Future
Liber Herbarum II
Ethnomedicine

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Achyranthine, oleanolic acid, xylose (plant); saponins (seed); betaine (root); ecdysterone (shoot)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Betaine 590-47-6 Carboxymethyl-trimet
hyl-ammonium
hydroxide
C5H13NO3 Click Here To Enlarge
Ecdysterone Not available 2,3,14-trihydroxy-10
,13-dimethyl-17-(1,2
,5-trihydroxy-1,5-di
methyl-hex
yl)-1,2,3,4,5,9,10,1
1,12,13,14,15,16,17-
tetradecahydrocyclop
enta[a]phe
nanthren-6-one
C27H44O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
opicene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Xylose 25990-60-7 Oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol C5H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Asthma and snakebite (root powder); toothache (root); rashes. boils and dropsy (plant); renal dropsy (plant decoction); as an emmenagogue; in hemorrhoids; atrophy; blindness (veterinary); insect bites; cachexia; cataracts; cholera; circumcision; antispasmodic; astringent; odontalgic. The flower-tops are stated to be employed for the treatemtnt of rabies. It is also used in veterinary medicine to expel placenta.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Grieve M. A Modern Herbal 1931.

Manandhar NP. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. 2002 ISBN 0-88192-527-6.


Reid BE. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre 1977.

Sharma Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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