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Home » Raw Herbs

Pueraria tuberosa  (ROXB. EX. WILLD.) DC.

   

Botanical Name

:

Pueraria tuberosa (ROXB. EX. WILLD.) DC.

English Name

:

Indian Kudze

Synonym(s)

:

Hedysarum tuberosum Roxb.

Family

:

Fabaceae

 

General Info

Description

A large perennial climber with a woody, tubercled stem up to 12 cm in diameter and very large tuberous roots. Leaves trifoliate; rachis 10 to 15 cm long; stipules 4 mm long, ovate-oblong, cordate; leaflets subcoriaceous, ovate, 13 to 20 cm long and nearly as wide, apex acuminate, base cuneate or truncate, glabrescent above, pubescent beneath, lateral leaflets unequal-sided; petiolules 4.5 to 6 mm long. Flowers bluish-white to purplish blue, borne in lax, leafless racemes 15 to 30 cm long; pedicels 2 to 3 mm long, silky-pubescent, fascicled along the rachis. Fruits (pods) membranous, flat, linear, 5 to 7.5 cm long, constricted between seeds, densely covered with long, silky, bristly brown hairs; seeds 3 to 6.

Herb Effects

Emetic, demulcent, antirheumatic, stimulates the secretion and/or flow of milk (root); lowers blood sugar and antiimplantation (tuber).

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Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Puerarin, tuberosin, stigmasterol, beta-sitosterol and daidzin (root and tuber).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Puerarin Not Available 7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydro
xyphenyl)-8-[(2S,3S,
4R,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trih
ydroxy-6-( hydroxym
ethyl)oxan-2-yl]chro
men-4-one
C21H20O9 Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Tuberosin Not Available Not Available C20H18O5 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
15,16,17-dodecahydro
-1H-cyclopenta[a]phe
nanthren-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Daidzin Not Available 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-
7-[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-
3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(
hydroxymet hyl)oxan
-2-yl]oxy-chromen-4-
one
C21H20O9 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The root is used as a demulcent and in the treatment of fevers. It is peeled and bruised into a cataplasm for swelling of joints. It is crushed and rubbed externally in the treatment of fevers, headaches and rheumatism.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

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