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Home » Plant infomation

Phyllanthus virgatus  G.FORSTER

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Phyllanthus virgatus G.FORSTER

English Name

:

Seed-under-leaf

Synonym(s)

:

Macraea oblongifolia Wight, Phyllanthus simplex Retz., Phyllanthus simplex var. oblongifolius (Wight) Muell. Arg.

Family

:

Euphorbiaceae

 

General Info

Description

An erect or procumbent, annual or perennial woody herb usually up to 20 cm tall. Leaves distichous, closely placed and often overlapping on branchlets, linear-oblong to obovate, 5 to 20 mm long and 3 to 6 mm side, apex apiculate, base rounded, glaucous beneath; stipules peltate, reddish-brown. Flowers minute, axillary; male flowers brownish-purple, usually 2 to 3 together, sessile; female flowers white, solitary on slender pedicels, usually larger than the male; sepals 0.8 mm long, oblong, obtuse, those of female flowers slightly enlarged in fruit. Fruits (capsules) depressed-globose, slightly 3-lobed, 2.5 mm in diameter, smooth to slightly rough, long stalked, dark brown; seeds 1.2 to 1.5 mm long, trigonous, rounded on the back, with red tubercles.

Herb Effects

Antigonorrheic (fruit and flower) and antiseptic (plant)

Links

PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Ascorbic and alpha-ketoglutaric acids (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Alpha-ketoglutaric acid 997-43-3 2-oxopentanedioic
acid
C5H6O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

The bruised fresh leaves mixed with buttermilk is used to treat ophthalmia and as a wash to relieve itching. The fresh leaves, flowers and fruits are made into an electuary with cumin seed and sugar to treat gonorrhoea. A preparation of the root is applied to promote healing of mammary abscesses.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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