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Home » Plant infomation

Phyllanthus amarus  SCHUM. & THENN.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Phyllanthus amarus SCHUM. & THENN.

English Name

:

Phyllanthus, Six o'clock, Sleeping plant

Synonym(s)

:

Phyllanthus nanus, Phyllanthus niruri

Family

:

Euphorbiaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is an annual, glabrous herb grows up to 15 to 60 cm high. Has an errect stem, naked below and slender and spreading leaf branches above. Leaves are numerous, subsessile, pale green, often distichously imbricating, glaucous below, elliptic to oblong, obtuse, and stipules subulate. Flowers arise in leaf axis, very numerous, males 1-3 and females solitary. Sepels of male orbicular and obovate to oblong in females. Stamens 3, anthers sessile and in a short column. Disc of male minute glands and of females annular and lobed. Capsules depressed globose, smooth and hardly 3 lobed. Seeds are 3-gonous, rounded and with longitudinal regular parallel ribes on the back.

Herb Effects

The plant is bitter, astringent, stomachic, diuretic, febrifuge and antiseptic. antiulcerative; antihepatotoxic, antiviral, antibacterial and kills molluscs (root and leaf); lowers blood sugar (leaf); antidropsical, astringent and diuretic.

Links

Tropical Plant Database
Herbal Monograph
Herb Information
PIER

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Phyllanthin, niranthin, hypophyllanthin, phyltetralin and nirtetralin (leaf); amariin, corilagin, geraniin, rutin, 1.6-digalloyl-glucopyranoside and quercetin-3-O-glucopyranoside (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Phyllanthin 10351-88-9 4-[3-[(3,4-dimethoxy
phenyl)methyl]-4-met
hoxy-2-(methoxymethy
l)butyl]-1 ,2-dimet
hoxy-benzene
C24H34O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Hypophyllanthin 33676-00-5 Not Available C24H30O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Amariin Not Available Not Available C41H28O28 Click Here To Enlarge
Corilagin 23094-69-1 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniin 60976-49-0 Not Available C41H28O27 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Jaundice and liver diseases, diabetes, influenza, asthma, infections of the bronchial tubes, indigestion, colic, dropsy, as an astringent, diuretic and disorders of the urogenital system and kidney (plant). The whole plant is used to treat jaundice, chronic dysentery, dyspepsia, cough, asthma, indigestion, diabetes, urinary tract diseases, skin diseases, ulcer, sores and swelling. Whole plant is used in gonorrhoea, menorrhagia and other genital affections. It is also useful in dropsy, jaundice, diarrhoea, dysentery, intermittent fevers, ophthalmopathy, scabies, ulcers and wounds. Young shoots and leaves are given in dysentery and ulcers. Fresh root is an excellent remedy for jaundice. The decoction of the plant is a remedy for intermittent fevers and intermittents with infarcts of the spleen and liver.

Contraindication

It may increase the effect of diabetic, high blood pressure, and diuretic drugs. Don't use during pregnancy.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


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