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Home » Raw Herbs » Bulb

Allium cepa  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Allium cepa L.

English Name

:

Onion

Synonym(s)

:

Allium porrum

Family

:

Liliaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a widely used vegetable with sound, tender bulbs. The bulbs are rather large, of irregular shape, from 2 to over 3 inches in diameter and about 2 inches thick. The flesh of the bulb is agreeable to the taste and of good quality. The skin is thickish and of a coppery yellow colour.

Herb Effects

Anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, homeopathic, hypoglycaemic, hypotensive, lithontripic, stomachic, tonic, aphrodisiac, antidysenteric, reduces fever, helps prevent snakebite, sedative, stimulant, increases the secretion of gastric juices. mild counter-irritant, lowers blood cholesterol and blood sugar, antifungal.

Links

Floridata
Allium cepa
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Organic sulphur compounds (cause odor), such as trans-S-L-cysteine sulphoxide (bulb); Abscissic acid, acetic acids, allanine, allicin, allin, alpha amyrin, alpha tocopherol, arginine, ascorbic acid, benzyl isothiocyanate, beta carotene, beta sitosterol, caffeic acid, catechol, choline, diallyl sulfide, ferulic acid, kaempferol, mufa, oleanolic acid, protocatechuic acid, rutin, beta-hydroxybenzoic and vanillic acids, and quercetin (bulb skin).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Acetic acid 77671-22-8 acetic acid C2H4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Allicin Not Available 3-prop-2-enylsulfiny
lsulfanylprop-1-ene
C6H10OS2 Click Here To Enlarge
Arginine 7004-12-8 2-amino-5-guanidino-
pentanoic acid
C6H14N4O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Benzyl isothiocyanate 622-78-6 isothiocyanatomethyl
benzene
C8H7NS Click Here To Enlarge
Beta carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Catechol 37349-32-9 benzene-1,2-diol C6H6O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Choline 67-48-1 2-hydroxyethyl-trime
thyl-ammonium
C5H14NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Diallyl sulfide 592-88-1 3-prop-2-enylsulfany
lprop-1-ene
C6H10S Click Here To Enlarge
Ferulic acid 24276-84-4 3-(4-hydroxy-3-metho
xy-phenyl)prop-2-eno
ic acid
C10H10O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Kaempferol 80714-53-0 3-[3-[4,5-dihydroxy-
6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
(hydroxyme thyl)oxa
n-2-yl]oxy-oxan-2-yl
]oxy-4,5-dihydroxy-6
-(hydroxymethyl)oxan
-2 -yl]oxy-4,5-dihy
droxy-2-(4-hydroxyph
enyl)-chromen-7-one
C33H40O21 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydropicene-
4a-carboxylic acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Protocatechuic acid 5417-95-8 N',N'-diethyl-N-(3,5
,7,8-tetrazabicyclo[
4.3.0]nona-2,4,8,10-
tetraen-2- yl)propa
ne-1,3-diamine
C12H20N6 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36OM19 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In abscesses, albuminuria, arteriosclerosis, as an emmenagogue, vermifuge, apertif, in cancer and tumors, cataracts, catarrh, common cold, bronchitis, jaundice, hydrophobia, diphtheria, dropsy, dysentery, ear maladies, edema, fever, influenza, hepatosis.

Contraindication

None

Reference

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal 1931 (www.botanical.com).

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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