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Home » Raw Herbs » Fruits

Piper cubeba  L. F.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Piper cubeba L. F.

English Name

:

Tailed Pepper

Synonym(s)

:

Cubeba officinalis and Piper caudatum

Family

:

Piperaceae

 

General Info

Description

A climbing shrub with cylindrical, smooth, zigzag, striate stems, somewhat thickened at the nodes. Leaves alternate, on short stout petioles, blade about 6 inches long, lanceolate or oval-oblong, tapering to the acute apex, usually somewhat unequal at the base, quite entire, slightly wavy, glabrous on both surfaces, somewhat coriaceous, deep green, rather paler and with prominent veins beneath. Flowers unisexual, dioecious, minute, sessile, each with a bract at the base, densely crowded in small, cylindrical, stalked, solid spikes coming off opposite the leaves. Fruit globular, smooth, about ¼ inch long, with a blunt apiculus and tapering below into a stalk-like base.

Herb Effects

Kills mosquito larvae, anthelmintic and antiviral (essential oil); antibacterial (seed); antiasthmatic, irritant, carminative, sedative, diuretic and antidysenteric (fruit)

Links

Cubeb pepper
The Eclectic Materia Medica, Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Linolic, palmitic, linolenic, oleic, arachidic, stearic, behenic and hexadecenoic acids (seed); sesquiterpenes (essential oil); 1,8-cineole, alpha-pinene, alpha-terpinene, alpha-terpineol, apiole, asarone, azulene, beta-bisabolene, beta-elemene, beta-pinene, caryophyllene, delta-cadinene, gamma-terpinene, limonene, myrcene, nerolidol, safrole (fruit); alpha-phellandrene (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Linolenic acid 94138-91-7 octadeca-9,12,15-tri
enoic acid
C18H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Arachidic acid 94266-33-8 icosanoic acid C20H40O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 Octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Behenic acid 7211-53-2 docosanoic acid C22H44O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Hexadecenoic acid 25447-95-4 (E)-hexadec-2-enoic
acid
C16H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
1,8-Cineole 8024-53-1 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-ox
abicyclo[2.2.2]octan
e
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16
alpha-Terpinene 99-86-5 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Terpineol 10482-56-1 2-(4-methyl-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl)propan-2-o
l
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Apiole Not Available 4,7-dimethoxy-5-prop
-2-enyl-benzo[1,3]di
oxole
C12H14O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Asarone 494-40-6 1,2,4-trimethoxy-5-p
rop-1-enyl-benzene
C12H16O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Azulene Not Available 3,8-dimethyl-5-propa
n-2-yl-azulene-1-sul
fonic acid
C15H18O3S Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Bisabolene 495-61-4 6-methyl-2-(4-methyl
-1-cyclohex-3-enyl)-
hepta-1,5-diene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-elemene 33880-83-0 1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2
,4-diprop-1-en-2-yl-
cyclohexane
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Pinene 23089-32-9 6,6-dimethyl-2-methy
lidene-norpinane
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene 87-44-5 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-
methylidene-bicyclo[
7.2.0]undec-4-ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
delta-Cadinene Not Available 1,6-dimethyl-4-propa
n-2-yl-2,3,4,4a,7,8-
hexahydronaphthalene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
gamma-Terpinene 99-85-4 1-methyl-4-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,4-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0c 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Myrcene 2153-31-3 7-methyl-3-methylide
ne-octa-1,6-diene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Nerolidol 14528-94-0 3,7,11-trimethyldode
ca-1,6,10-trien-3-ol
C15H26O Click Here To Enlarge
Safrole Not Available 5-prop-2-enylbenzo[1
,3]dioxole
C10H10O2 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Phellandrene 2243-33-6 2-methyl-5-propan-2-
yl-cyclohexa-1,3-die
ne
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Asthma (fruit); in gonorrhea, gleet and inflammation of the bladder.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.

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