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Home » Plant infomation

Phytolacca acinosa  Roxb.

   

Botanical Name

:

Phytolacca acinosa Roxb.

English Name

:

Sweet Belladona

Family

:

Phytolaccaceae

 

General Info

Description

A succulent, robust, perennial herb, up to 1.5 m high. Leaves elliptic-ovate or lanceolate; flowers whitish, greenish or pinkish in opposite or terminal racemes; fruit purple or black, consisting of c. 10 single-seeded, nearly free carpels; seeds kidney shaped, blue-black.

Herb Effects

Narcotic and lowers blood pressure (plant); antiasthmatic, antibacterial, antidote, antifungal, antitussive, diuretic, expectorant, laxative and vermifuge (root)

Links

UW-Madison Botanical Garden
Plants for a Future
Herb Information

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Phytolaccanol and phytolaccagenin; spergulagenic, epiacetylaleuritolic and acinosolic acids (fruit).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Phytolaccagenin 1802-12-6 10,11-dihydroxy-9-(h
ydroxymethyl)-2-meth
oxycarbonyl-2,6a,6b,
9,12a-pent amethyl-
1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,
10,11,12,13,14b-tetr
adecahydropicene-4a-
ca rboxylic acid
C31H48O7 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Rheumatism (root oil) and as a narcotic (plant); urinary disorders, nephritis, oedema, abdominal distension, to treat boils, carbuncles and sores (root)

Contraindication

Phytolacca should be reserved for those with severe excess conditions and should not be used by pregnant women.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

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