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Home » Plant infomation

Perilla frutescens  (Linn.) Britton

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Perilla frutescens (Linn.) Britton

English Name

:

Wild Coleus. Beefsteak Plant and Perilla

Synonym(s)

:

Perilla ocimoides Linn.

Family

:

Lamiaceae

 

General Info

Description

An aromatic, bushy annual, up to 150 cm in height. Leaves broadly ovate, acuminate, coarsely serrate or crenate; flowers small, white in axillary and terminal racemes; nutlets, commonly called seeds, rounded, pale brown, with reticulate markings, weighing c. 250 to a gram.

Herb Effects

Sedative, antibacterial, antidote, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitussive, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, emollient, expectorant, pectoral, stomachic, tonic, hypothermic, alleviates spasms, antiasthmatic, abortifacient and stimulates the central nervous system (plant); stimulating the intestinal tract (essential oil); carminative, antiinflammatory and diaphoretic (seed, stem and leaf); antiasthmatic, antitussive, emollient and expectorant (seed)

Links

Perilla
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Amygdalin, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, caryophyllene, delphinidin, dillapiol, elemicin, luteolin, myristicin, niacin, perillene, perillanin, perilla ketone, protocatechuic acid, quercetin, riboflavin, rosmarinic acid, sesquiterpenoids, thiamin (leaf); apigenin (seed); alpha-pinene, caffeic acid, citral, limonene, phellandrene, rosefuran, shikimic acid (plant).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Perillene 539-52-6 3-(4-methylpent-3-en
yl)furan
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Perilla Ketone Not Available 1-(3-furyl)-4-methyl
-pentan-1-one
C10H14O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Caryophyllene 87-44-5 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-
methylidene-bicyclo[
7.2.0]undec-4-ene
C15H24 Click Here To Enlarge
Amygdalin 672-72-0 2-phenyl-2-[3,4,5-tr
ihydroxy-6-[[3,4,5-t
rihydroxy-6-(hydroxy
methyl)oxa n-2-yl]o
xymethyl]oxan-2-yl]o
xy-acetonitrile
C20H27NO11 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Carotene Not Available 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge
Delphinidin 528-53-0 [3,7-dihydroxy-2-(3,
4,5-trihydroxyphenyl
)-chromen-5-ylidene]
oxonium ch loride
C15H11ClO7 Click Here To Enlarge
Dillapiol Not Available 4,5-dimethoxy-6-prop
-2-enyl-benzo[1,3]di
oxole
C12H14O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Elemicin Not Available 1,2,3-trimethoxy-5-p
rop-2-enyl-benzene
C12H16O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Luteolin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-ch
romen-7-one
C15H10O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Myristicin Not Available 4-methoxy-6-prop-2-e
nyl-benzo[1,3]dioxol
e
C11H12O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Niacin 99148-57-9 pyridine-3-carboxyli
c acid
C6H5NO2 Click Here To Enlarge
Perillene 539-52-6 3-(4-methylpent-3-en
yl)furan
C10H14O Click Here To Enlarge
Perilla Ketone Not Available 1-(3-furyl)-4-methyl
-pentan-1-one
C10H14O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Riboflavin Not Available Not Available C17H21N4O9P Click Here To Enlarge
Rosmarinic acid 537-15-5 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-2-[3-(3,4-dihydr
oxyphenyl)prop-2-eno
yloxy]prop anoic
acid
C18H16O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Thiamin 59-43-8 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-met
hyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)m
ethyl]-4-methyl-1-th
ia-3-azoni acyclope
nta-2,4-dien-5-yl]et
hanol
C12H17N4OS+ Click Here To Enlarge
Apigenin 520-36-5 4,5-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-chrome
n-7-one
C15H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge
alpha-Pinene 80-56-8 2,7,7-trimethylbicyc
lo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Caffeic acid Not Available 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)prop-2-enoic acid
C9H8O4 Click Here To Enlarge
Citral 96680-15-8 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dienal
C10H16O Click Here To Enlarge
Limonene 9003-73-0 1-methyl-4-prop-1-en
-2-yl-cyclohexene
C10H16 Click Here To Enlarge
Shikimic acid 138-59-0 3,4,5-trihydroxycycl
ohexene-1-carboxylic
acid
C7H10O5 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

For alleviating spasms, as a sedative, antiasthmatic, stimulating the secretion of gastric juices and as a tonic (plant); colds, chest stuffiness, vomiting, abdominal pain etc (leaves); to cuts and wounds (leaf juice); for morning sickness (stem)

Contraindication

Dermatitis, pulmonary oedema, respiratory distress and even death following ingestion by cattle and horses

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.


Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (www.herbweb.com/herbage).

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