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Home » Plant infomation

Pandanus fascicularis  LAM.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Pandanus fascicularis LAM.

English Name

:

Screw Pine

Synonym(s)

:

Pandanus odoratissimus Linn, Pandanus tectorius Soland ex. Park. Hasskarila leucacantha Walp., Pandanus latifolius Hassk., Pandanus leucanthus Hassk., Pandanus verus Rumph

Family

:

Pandanaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a shrubby and erect plant upto 6 m high, the stem of which is supported by aerial roots. Leaves are glaucous-green, ensiform, caudate-acuminate, coriaceous; the marginal spines pointing forward and those on the midrib pointing forward or backward. Male flowers are having spadix with numerous subsessile cylindric spikes, enclosed in long white fragrant caudate-acuminate spatehs; staminal column 0.6 to 1.3 cm long; anthers longer than the slender filaments, cuspidate, inserted along the whole length of the upper portion. Female flowers: spadix solitary, 5.0 cm across, carpels confluent in obpyramidal groups of 6-10 or fewer; stigmas short, reniform and yellow. The fruits are oblong or globose, 15.0 to 25.0 cm long and broad and yellow or red syncarpium.

Herb Effects

Alleviates spasms (plant oil)

Links

Pandanus

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Benzyl benzoate, methyl ether, benzyl acetate, benzyl salicylate, geraniol, linalool and bromostyrene (essential flower oil).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Benzyl benzoate 120-51-4 benzyl benzoate C14H12O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Methyl ether 157621-61-9 methoxymethane C2H6O Click Here To Enlarge
Benzyl acetate 21982-87-6 trimethyl-(2-phenoxy
ethyl)ammonium
C11H18NO+ Click Here To Enlarge
Benzyl salicylate 118-58-1 benzyl
2-hydroxybenzoate
C14H12O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Geraniol 8007-13-4 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6
-dien-1-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Linalool 78-70-6 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6
-dien-3-ol
C10H18O Click Here To Enlarge
Bromostyrene 41380-64-7 2-bromoethenylbenzen
e
C8H7Br Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In syphilis, leprosy, smallpox and leucoderma (leaf); earache and diseases of the blood (anther). Its leaves are known for their aromatic, bitter and pungent properties and are used in leprosy, leucoderma, scabies, small pox and syphilis. Besides, an oil obtained from its bracts is administered in headache and rheumatism.

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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