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Home » Plant infomation

Nardostachys jatamansi  DC.


Botanical Name


Nardostachys jatamansi DC.

English Name


Musk Root and Indian Spikenard



Nardostachys grandiflora DC.





General Info


Perennial, erect herb, 10 to 60 cm. Rootstock stout, long, covered with fibres from the petioles of withered leaves. Stem pubescent upwards, glabrous below. Radical leaves 5-20 x 2.5 cm, spathulate, glabrous or slightly pubescent; cauline leaves 1 to 2 pairs, 2.5-7.5 cm long, sessile, sub-ovate. Flower heads 1 to 5; flowers rosy pale pink or blue; bracts 4 to 6 mm, pubescent; corolla tube 6 mm, hairy inside. Fruits 4 mm, obovate, flattened.

Herb Effects

Lowers blood pressure and antiarrhythmic (oil); sedative, tonic, antispasmodic, analgesic, promotes hair growth and stimulant.


Active Ingredients

Jatamansone, jatamanshic acid, virolin and an essential oil.


Medicinal Use

For restlessness and hyperactivity in juveniles (jatamansone); for convulsions and arrhythmia of the heart. It is a substitute for valerian, Valeriana officinalis, and used in the treatment of epilepsy, hysteria and convulsive affections, nervous indigestion, insomnia, depression and tension headaches. Externally, it is used as a deodorant and to treat rashes.


Grieve M. A Modern Herbal (1931) (

Johnson T. CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference (

Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants

The Himalaya Drug Company.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.



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