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Home » Plant infomation

Cannabis sativa  L.

   

click to enlarge image

Botanical Name

:

Cannabis sativa L.

English Name

:

Indian Hemp. Hashish and Marijuana

Synonym(s)

:

Cannabis indica, Lam., Cannabis chinensis, Del.

Family

:

Cannabaceae

 

General Info

Description

It is a tall annual herb about 1.52 to 4.9 m high with angular stem. Leaves are palmate, alternate or lower one opposite and 5.0 to 20.0 cm long; the lobes of the upper leaves are 1 to 5 and lower 5 to 11, linear lanceolate, sharply toothed, long-popinted and narrowed at base. The flowers are small, greenish and unisexual; males are borne in long dropping panicles and female in short axillary spikes. The achenes are 0.3 cm across, ovate and flat and are enclosed in persistent perianth.

Herb Effects

Anodyne, anthelmintic, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, emmenagogue, febrifuge, laxative, narcotic and tonic (seed). It is a pain-killer, sleep-inducer and used to relieve some of the unpleasant side effects suffered by people undergoing chemotherapy. Stimulates the secretion of gastric juices (flower); induces sleep, aphrodisiac, on the cardiovascular and central nervous systems, depresses respiration, analgesic, entheogenic, induces euphoria, hypnotic, intoxicant, narcotic, alleviates spasms.

Links

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cannabis sativa L.
Plants for a Future
Marijuana Through Time
Cannabis sativa L.
King's American Dispensatory
Botanical.com

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Cannabinoids and long-chained n-alkanes (essential oil); cannabidiol, "cannabidiolic", cannabigerol and beta-lectin (plant); flavonoid glycosides (leaf); cannabinol, pseudocannabinol, cannabinin and cannin (a resin); ascorbic acid, beta-carotene (seed)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Cannabidiol 13956-29-1 2-[3-methyl-6-(1-met
hylethenyl)-1-cycloh
ex-3-enyl]-5-pentyl-
benzene-1, 3-diol
C21H30O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Cannabigerol 2808-33-5 2-(3,7-dimethylocta-
2,6-dienyl)-5-pentyl
-benzene-1,3-diol
C21H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Cannabinol 521-35-7 Not Available C21H26O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ascorbic Acid Not Available 2-(1,2-dihydroxyethy
l)-4,5-dihydroxy-fur
an-3-one
C6H8O6 Click Here To Enlarge
beta Carotene 7235-40-7 3,7,12,16-tetramethy
l-1,18-bis(2,6,6-tri
methyl-1-cyclohexeny
l)-octadec a-1,3,5,
7,9,11,13,15,17-nona
ene
C40H56 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In hydrocele (bark); anorexia, urinary tract problems (including bladder inflammation), cancer and tumors, common cold, corns, cough, depression and as a psychological aid, glaucoma, gonorrhea, nausea, for sores, varicose veins, gout and rheumatism, in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal, anthrax, asthma, blood poisoning, constipation caused by debility or fluid retention

Contraindication

People working with the plant or the fiber may develop dermatitis. In larger doses, hemp drugs may induce catalepsy, followed by coma and DEATH from cardiac failure (C.S.I.R., 1948-1976).

Reference

C.S.I.R. (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research). 1948-1976. The wealth of India 11 vols. New Delhi.


Sharma, Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Grieve. M. A Modern Herbal (1931) (www.botanical.com).

Johnson. T. CRC Ethnobotany Reference.

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