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Home » Plant infomation

Forsythia suspensa  (Thunb.) Vahl

   

Botanical Name

:

Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl

English Name

:

Weeping Forsythia, Lian Qiao

Synonym(s)

:

Syringa suspensa Thunb.

Family

:

Oleaceae

 

General Info

Description

An upright, arching, deciduous shrub typically grows 6-10' tall and as wide. Branches spreading or pendulous; branchlets yellow-brown or gray-brown; internodes hollow. Leaves simple, sometimes 3-parted to 3-foliolate; petiole 0.8-1.5 cm, glabrous or sometimes pubescent; leaf blade ovate, broadly ovate, or elliptic-ovate, 2-10 × 1.5-5 cm, subleathery, glabrous or sometimes pubescent, or abaxially villous, especially along veins, base rounded to cuneate, margin serrate, apex acute. Flowers solitary or 2 to several in leaf axils. Pedicel 5-6 mm. Calyx lobes oblong, (5-)6-7 mm, ciliate. Corolla yellow; tube subequal to calyx lobes; lobes obovate-oblong or oblong, 1.2-2 cm. Pistil 5-7 mm in flowers with stamens 3-5 mm or ca. 3 mm in flowers with stamens 6-7 mm. Capsule ovoid to long ellipsoid, 1.2-2.5 cm × 6-12 mm, with scattered lenticels; stalk 0.7-1.5 cm.

Herb Effects

Anti-bacterial, anti-fungal (seeds); antiseptic (herb); stimulates the heart, nervous system, gall bladder, antidote, antiphlogistic, antitussive, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, laxative and tonic (fruit)

Links

Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl
Plants for a Future

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Arctiin, betulinic acid, oleanolic acid, suspensaside, ursolic acid (fruit); phillyrin (bark, fruit, leaf); quercetin (flower); rutin (flower, fruit); syringin (leaf)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Arctiin Not Available 4-[(3,4-dimethoxyphe
nyl)methyl]-3-[[3-me
thoxy-4-[(2R,3R,4S,5
R,6R)-3,4, 5-trihyd
roxy-6-(hydroxymethy
l)oxan-2-yl]oxy-phen
yl]methyl]oxolan-2-o
ne
C27H34O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Betulinic Acid 4481-62-3 Not Available C30H46O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleanolic acid 508-02-1 10-hydroxy-2,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12,
13,14b-tetradecahydr
opicene-4a-carboxyli
c acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Suspensaside Not Available [(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-6-
[2-(3,4-dihydroxyphe
nyl)-2-hydroxy-ethox
y]-4,5-dih ydroxy-2
-[[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6S)-
3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-m
ethyl-oxan-2-yl]oxym
et hyl]oxan-3-yl]
(E)-3-(3,4-dihydroxy
phenyl)prop-2-enoate
C29H36O16 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydro-1H-pic
ene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Phillyrin 81446-28-8 (2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-2-[
4-[(1R,4S,5R,8R)-8-(
3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)
-3,7-dioxa bicyclo[
3.3.0]oct-4-yl]-2-me
thoxy-phenoxy]-6-(hy
droxymethyl)oxane-3,
4, 5-triol
C27H34O11 Click Here To Enlarge
Quercetin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-3,4,5-trihydroxy
-chromen-7-one
C15H10O7 Click Here To Enlarge
Rutin Not Available 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)-4,5-dihydroxy-3-
[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-
[(3,4,5-tr ihydroxy
-6-methyl-tetrahydro
pyran-2-yl)oxymethyl
]tetrahydropyran-2-y
l] oxy-chromen-7-on
e trihydrate
C27H36O19 Click Here To Enlarge
Syringin Not Available (2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-2-(
hydroxymethyl)-6-[4-
[(E)-3-hydroxyprop-1
-enyl]-2,6 -dimetho
xy-phenoxy]oxane-3,4
,5-triol
C17H24O9 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To treat boils, carbuncles, urinary tract infections, allergic rashes, mumps and infected neck glands (herb); in the treatment of breast cancer (decoction of the leaves and twigs); cancer, colds, fever and jaundice (root); poulticed onto ulcerated glands and haemorrhoids (leaves); used internally in the treatment of acute infectious diseases such as mumps, and also for tonsillitis, urinary tract infections and allergic rashes (fruit).

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