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Home » Raw Herbs » Roots

Boerhavia diffusa  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Boerhavia diffusa L.

English Name

:

Hog Weed, Horse Purslane, Red Spiderling

Synonym(s)

:

Boerhavia coccinea (P.Mill.), Boerhavia procumbens

Family

:

Nyctaginaceae

 

General Info

Description

A very variable, diffusely branched, pubescent or glabrous, prostrate herb with a stout, woody rootstock; stems creeping, often purplish, swollen at the nodes up to 1.2 m long. Leaves long-petioled, ovate or oblong-cordate, entire or sinuate, usually whitish and smooth beneath an rough green on upper surface. Flowers red, pink or white, borne in small umbels arranged in axillary and terminal panicles. Fruit ovate, oblong, 1.3 cm long, five-ribbed, pubescent, viscid, glandular.

Herb Effects

Antidote, diuretic, emetic, expectorant, laxative, stomachic.

Links

Herb Information
Plants for a Future
Herbal Monograph

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

B-Sitosterol, a-2-sitosterol, palmitic acid, ester of b-sitosterol, tetracosanoic, hexacosonoic, stearic, arachidic acid, urosilic acid, Hentriacontane, b-Ecdysone, triacontanol; triacontanol hentriacontane, ß-­sitosterol, ursolic acid, 5,7-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethyoxy-6,8-dimethyl flavone, the rotenoid boeravinones AI, BI, C2 , D, E and F, dihydroisofurenoxanthin, borhavine, punarnavoside, liriodendrin and syringaresinol mono-D-glucoside (roots).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tetracosanoic acid 66502-42-9 Tetracosanoic acid C24H48O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Hentriacontane 630-04-6 Hentriacontane C31H64 Click Here To Enlarge
Liriodendrin Not Available 2-[4-[8-[3,5-dimetho
xy-4-[3,4,5-trihydro
xy-6-(hydroxymethyl)
tetrahydro pyran-2-
yl]oxy-phenyl]-3,7-d
ioxabicyclo[3.3.0]oc
t-4-yl]-2,6-dimethox
y- phenoxy]-6-(hydr
oxymethyl)tetrahydro
pyran-3,4,5-triol
C34H46O18 Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-Sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14, 15,16,17
-dodecahydro-1H-cycl
openta[a]phenanthren
-3-ol
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Ursolic acid 77-52-1 10-hydroxy-1,2,6a,6b
,9,9,12a-heptamethyl
-2,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a
,10,11,12, 13,14b-t
etradecahydro-1H-pic
ene-4a-carboxylic
acid
C30H48O3 Click Here To Enlarge
Liriodendrin Not Available 2-[4-[8-[3,5-dimetho
xy-4-[3,4,5-trihydro
xy-6-(hydroxymethyl)
tetrahydro pyran-2-
yl]oxy-phenyl]-3,7-d
ioxabicyclo[3.3.0]oc
t-4-yl]-2,6-dimethox
y- phenoxy]-6-(hydr
oxymethyl)tetrahydro
pyran-3,4,5-triol
C34H46O18 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

To treat anaemia, oedema, internal abscess, calculi, eye diseases, oedema during pregnancy, haemoptysis, for inducing sleep, fever, rheumatic ailments, difficult labour, vaginal pain, rejuvinative, asthma, oedema, anaemia, jaundice, ascites, anasarca, scanty urine and internal inflammation. It is also an antidote to snake poisoning.

Contraindication

There are no known safety issues or interactions associated with Punarnava when taken in the recommended doses; however, exceeding the recommended doses can cause vomiting. Safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease is not known.

Reference

Sharma PV. Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants.


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Uniyal et al., Medicinal Flora of Garhwal Himalayas.

Chandan BK, Sharma AK. Anand KK. Boerhaavia diffusa: a study of its hepatoprotective activity.

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