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Home » Raw Herbs » Others

Jatropha curcas  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Jatropha curcas L.

English Name

:

Common Physic Nut

Family

:

Euphorbiaceae

 

General Info

Description

A glabrous erect branched shrub, 2 to 5 meters high and has stout cylindrical green branches with viscid milky or reddish sap. Leaves are orbicular-ovate, angular or somewhat three-or five lobed, 10 to 15 cm long, acuminate, base cordate with long petioles. Cymes are axillary, peduncled, the flowers greenish or greenish-white, 6 to 8 mm in diameter. The petals are reflexed, stamens 10, the filaments of the inner five, connate. Capsules at first fleshy, becoming dry, of two or three cocci, subspherical, 2.5 to 4.0 cm diameter with seeds blackish.

Herb Effects

Very toxic (seed); diuretic and depresses the central nervous system (aerial part).

Links

PIER
Jatropha curcas L.
King's American Dispensatory

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

Alpha-amyrin, stigmasterol, vitexin (leaf); beta-amyrin, taraxasterol (bark); beta-sitosterol, linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid (seed); tannin (resin)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
alpha-Amyrin 638-95-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,12,1
4b-octamethyl-2,3,4a
,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,
12a,14,14a -tetrade
cahydro-1H-picen-3-o
l
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Stigmasterol 4736-55-4 17-(4-ethyl-1,5-dime
thyl-hex-2-enyl)-10,
13-dimethyl-1,2,4,5,
6,7,8,9,10 ,11,12,1
3,14,15,16,17-hexade
cahydrocyclopenta[a]
phenanthren-3-one
C29H48O Click Here To Enlarge
Vitexin 521-33-5 4,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-h
ydroxyphenyl)-8-[3,4
,5-trihydroxy-6-(hyd
roxymethyl )oxan-2-
yl]-chromen-5-one
C21H20O10 Click Here To Enlarge
beta-Amyrin 559-70-6 4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,11,1
4b-octamethyl-1,2,3,
4a,5,6,7,8,9,10,12,1
2a,14,14a- tetradec
ahydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Taraxasterol 1059-14-9 4,4,6a,6b,8a,12,14b-
heptamethyl-11-methy
lidene-1,2,3,4a,5,6,
6a,7,8,9,1 0,12,12a
,13,14,14a-hexadecah
ydropicen-3-ol
C30H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Beta-sitosterol 5779-62-4 17-(5-ethyl-6-methyl
-heptan-2-yl)-10,13-
dimethyl-2,3,4,7,8,9
,11,12,14,
C29H50O Click Here To Enlarge
Linoleic acid 8024-22-4 Octadeca-9,12-dienoi
c acid
C18H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Oleic acid 8046-01-3 octadec-9-enoic acid C18H34O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Palmitic acid 66321-94-6 Hexadecanoic acid C16H32O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Stearic acid 82497-27-6 octadecanoic acid C18H36O2 Click Here To Enlarge
Tannin 1401-55-4 Not Available C27H22O18 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

Skin diseases (plant); as a toothbrush for gingivitis (aerial part).

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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