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Home » Plant infomation

Iris nepalensis  D. Don


Botanical Name


Iris nepalensis D. Don



Iris decora Wallich.





General Info


Rhizomatous herb. Roots swollen tuber-like, white fleshy as well as fibrous roots attached to flat rhizome, densely covered by remains of old leaves. Leaves 10-45 cm long, 2-5 mm wide, strongly ribbed. Peduncle (stem) 10-30 cm tall, often branched. Bracts slender, acuminate, keeled, generally 2-flowered. Pedicel c. 2.5 cm long. Flower 4.0-5.0 cm long in diameter, pale bluish-lavender to deep reddish purple. Falls c. 5 cm long, c. 2.5 cm wide, blade broadly lanceolate; haft with deeper reddish purple veins and a central ridge which is brownish yellow at base, yellowish to pale mauvish-white on blade; standards narrowly lanceolate, bent outwards and downwards like falls; tube 2.5-6.0 cm long. Filaments white slightly violet tinged, anthers cream coloured, violet-tinged at the base. Ovary 3-sided, each side slightly concave. Styles broadly lobed, pale-violet, toothed at edges, crest triangular erect, exceeding falls and standard, whitish or yellowish orange at tips, stigma deeply bilobed. Capsule 2.5-3.5 cm long, trigonal, grooved at sides, tip pointed. Seeds dark brown small, round, aril as large or larger than seed.

Herb Effects

Diuretic, aperient, deobstruent and purgative (root); sedative type of effect on the heart (e.g.. reduces force of the contraction and the heart rate).


Active Ingredients

Irisolone and irigenin (rhizome); irisolidone (plant)

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories






Product Categories
Irisolone 3301-68-6 Not Available C17H12O6 Click Here To Enlarge
Irigenin 548-76-5 5,7-dihydroxy-3-(3-h
hromen-4-o ne
C18H16O8 Click Here To Enlarge
Irisolidone 2345-17-7 5,7-dihydroxy-6-meth
C17H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge


Medicinal Use

In the treatment of bilious obstructions, chest affections and applied externally to small sores and pimples (root).


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.



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