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Home » Plant infomation

Hibiscus cannabinus  L.

   

Botanical Name

:

Hibiscus cannabinus L.

English Name

:

Deccan Hemp and Gogu

Synonym(s)

:

Abelmoschus verrucosus (Guill. & Perr.) Walp., Furcaria cavanillesii Kostel, Hibiscus unidens Lindl., Hibiscus verrucosus Guill. & Perr., Ketmia glandulosa Moench

Family

:

Malvaceae

 

General Info

Description

An annual or biennial herbaceous plant (rarely a short-lived perennial) growing to 1.5-3.5 m tall with a woody base. The stems are 1-2 cm diameter, often but not always branched. The leaves are 10-15 cm long, variable in shape, with leaves near the base of the stems being deeply lobed with 3-7 lobes, while leaves near the top of the stem are shallowly lobed or unlobed lanceolate. The flowers are 8-15 cm diameter, white, yellow, or purple; when white or yellow, the centre is still dark purple. The fruit is a capsule 2 cm diameter, containing several seeds.

Herb Effects

Depresses the central nervous system (aerial part); laxative (leaf); analgesic and aphrodisiac (seed).

Links

Purdue University
Plants for a Future
Ecoport

Chemistry

Active Ingredients

(+)catechin, (-)epicatechin gallate and (-)epigallocatechin gallate (root).

Chemistry of Active Ingredients
Product Categories

Name

CAS#

IUPAC Name

Formula

Structure

Product Categories
(+)-Catechin 5323-80-8 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphen
yl)chroman-3,5,7-tri
ol
C15H14O6 Click Here To Enlarge

Pharmacology

Medicinal Use

In the treatment of biliousness with acidity (flower juice); to promote weight increase (seeds); in the treatment of coughs, dysentery and bilious, blood and throat disorders (leaf); in the treatment of anaemia, fatigue, lassitude, etc (stem peeling); to control intestinal Guinea worms in Africa (powdered leaf)

Reference

Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

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