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Home » Plant infomation

Gynocardia odorata  R. Br.


Botanical Name


Gynocardia odorata R. Br.

English Name


Chaulmoogra, False gynocardia oil



Chaulmoogra odorata Roxb.





General Info


An evergreen, glabrous, dioecious tree, 30-50 ft. in height and 3-6 ft. in girth, with a clear bole up to 20 ft. Branches slender; bark greenish grey, lenticellate; leaves bifarious, ovate-oblong; flowers in fascicles, pale yellow, fragrant; fruits globose (3-5 in. diam.) with hard rind, borne on trunk and main branches; seeds embedded in a gelatinous fragrant pulp, obovoid or oblong,1 in. long.

Herb Effects

Antirheumatic (seed oil); alleviates spasms, diuretic and depresses the central nervous system (50% EtOH aerial part extract); emetic (seed); as a febrifuge (bark)


King's American Dispensatory


Active Ingredients

Glynocardin (a glycoside, plant); gynocardic acid (oil); triterpenes (bark); from 50% EtOH extract of aerial part.


Medicinal Use

In rheumatism, in leprosy, secondary syphilis, scrofula, in phthisis and as a tonic (seed oil); in leprosy, scrofula and skin diseases (seed).


Chandel et al., Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India.

Bentley and Trimen, Medicinal Plants.



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